[Serf] Hypertext Medieval Glossary
K
[Serf]
Search NetSERF

NetSERF Features

Medieval Glossary
Advanced Search

Random Medieval Site

New to NetSERF
Top 10 NetSERF Sites
Top 10 NetSERF Sections
Link to NetSERF


Top Medieval Sites
ORB
Internet Medieval Sourcebook
Labyrinth




Follow NetSERFMedieval on Twitter





Click here to find great
medieval books for sale.

In Association with Amazon.com

  Home: Hypertext Medieval Glossary: K Bookmark and Share
[A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z]


Kapetan:
A military commander; term used at times for garrison commanders or for leaders of small independent bands of soldiers. In the Ottoman period used in the Slavic Balkans for a fortress commander responsible for keeping order in a region.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 623)


Karaites:
Members of a Jewish sect that rejected the Talmudic interpretations of the Bible. Going directly back to the Bible, they cam up with their own interpretations; thus their customs differed considerably from those of the mainstram - Rabbinical - Jews.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 623)


Katun:
A settlement of Balkan pastoralists, in particular the settlements fo Vlachs, Albanians, and Montenegrins.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 623)


Kaznac:
In Slavic, a treasurer.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)


Keel:
Roll-moulding with sharp edge.
   (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 412)


Keep:
1) The main tower of a castle, usually free-standing.
   (Kenyon, John R. Medieval Fortifications, 211)

2) Strong central tower within outer walls of castle.
   (Frame, Robin. Colonial Ireland, 1169-1369, 144)

3) Strong tower within the walls of a castle, used to make a last stand when all other parts of the castle defences had fallen.
   (Wise, Terence. Medieval Warfare, 249)


Keep, Hall:
Earlier, with hall beside chamber in a large lower building, e.g. London, Colchester, Corfe, Canterbury, Rising, Middleham.
   (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 412)

Related terms: Castle / Keep, Shell / Keep, Tower / Keep


Keep, Shell:
Masonry wall around the perimeter of a motte, replacing a timber palisade.
   (Kenyon, John R. Medieval Fortifications, 211)

Related terms: Castle / Keep / Keep, Tower / Keep, Hall


Keep, Tower:
Later 12th century with chamber above the hall in narrower, taller and probably less expensive and more defensive building, e.g. Hedingham, Guildford, Goodrich and Broughham. Portchester was transformed from one to the other.
   (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 412)

Related terms: Castle / Keep, Hall / Keep, Shell / Keep / Tower Keep


Kephale: [Kephale (Slavic)]
Literally, "a head." A Byzantine town commander who combined military and civil functions. The term came to be used subsequently in regions under the Serbs.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)


Kettle Hat:
Strong yet light open-faced helmet popular with both knights and infantry throughout the 1300-1500 period, having a conical crown and wide brim.
   (Wise, Terence. Medieval Warfare, 249)


Khan:
Turkish title for a supreme chief, used by the Tartars.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)


King's Bench:
Court of common law attendant on the king's person.
   (Sayles, George O. The King's Parliament of England, 145)


King-Post:
A vertical post extending from a tie-beam to the apex of the roof, usually supporting a ridge purlin.
   (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 412)

Related terms: Queen-Post


Klepht:
Greek term for a brigand, having often the same positive connotations as the Serbian term hajduk.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)

Related terms: Hajduk


Knez: [knjaz (Bulgarian)]
Prince. At times, however, the term was used for leaders with lesser roles: e.g., the mayor of a Dalmatian city, the military leader (and family head) of a major - Montenegrin, Hercegovinian, or Vlach - tribe, or a fortress commander in Bosnia.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)

Language: Serbian or Croatian


Knight:
The retainer of a feudal lord who owes military service for his fief, usually the service of one fully equipped, mounted warrior. The ideals to which a knight may aspire are notably prowess, loyalty, generosity and courtesy.
   (MEDIEV-L. Medieval Terms)

Related terms: Knight's Fee / Knight Service


Knight Hospitaller:
1) Holy order knights pledged to administer to the sick and protect the holy places.
   (MEDIEV-L. Medieval Terms)

2) The Knights of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem. An order of military monks, founded in 1048. Originally keepers of a hospital for the benefit of poor pilgrims to the Holy Land, the Hospitallers expanded to form a military organization for the defence of Christendom in the East.
   (Shaw, M.R.B. Joinville & Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades, 360)


Knight Service:
Unpaid military service, usually of forty days' duration, owed to lord or king in return for tenure of land.
   (Frame, Robin. Colonial Ireland, 1169-1369, 144)

Related terms: Knight's Fee / Knight


Knight Templar:
A military and religious order, founded about 1118 for the protection of the Holy Sepulchre and pilgrims to the Holy Land. As may be gathered from Joinville's chronicle, it became very rich and powerful. In the end, whether through envy or some better motive, accusations of heresy and evil practices were laid against its members, and after many confessions of guilt had been extracted by torture or other means, the order to suppressed by command of the Pope in 1312.
   (Shaw, M.R.B. Joinville & Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades, 361)


Knight's Fee:
1) In theory, a fief which provides sufficient revenue to equip and support one knight. This is approximately twelve hides or 1500 acres, although the terms applies more to revenue a fief can generate than its size; it requires about thirty marks per year to support a knight.
   (MEDIEV-L. Medieval Terms)

2) A fief owing the service of one knight: notionally an estate providing sufficient revenue for the maintenance of one knight, but the size varied widely. In practice, the knight's fee became a unit of assessment to services and taxes, large fiefs being reckoned at multiples, and tiny fiefs at fractions, of the "kinght's fee".
   (Warren, W.L. Henry II, 635)

Related terms: Knight Service / Knight


Knuckle Bow:
The front half of a sword's crossguard when it turns down towards the pommel to provide a guard for the knuckles.
   (Wise, Terence. Medieval Warfare, 249)


Krstjanin: [krstjani (pl.)]
A Bosnian Church religious.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)


Ktitor:
A founder; e.g., monastery founders.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)

Note: from Greek ktistes or ktetor
Language: Slavic


Kum:
A God-father.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)

Related terms: Kumstvo


Kumstvo:
A God-fathership.
   (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 624)

Related terms: Kum



[A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z]

----------

To help defray the costs of maintaining NetSERF, we have added these Google ads.

----------