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  Home: Features: Middle Ages in the News: 2002 Bookmark and Share

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Below you will find 379 items from around the world on many different topics in the news concerning the Middle Ages. These might range from obituaries of great scholars of the period to articles about the last efforts to preserve a medieval barn. The Middle Ages comes up quite regularly in the news and so we will aim to bring you the latest. To help with that we have also set up two methods for you to get these items:

Medieval Ship May Have Crossed Atlantic
Campaigners who successfully fought to preserve a medieval ship discovered on the banks of the River Usk, claim it could have been among the first to cross the Atlantic. The 15th Century craft was found buried in the riverbank, in Newport, south Wales, in June, when builders started hollowing out the orchestra pit of a new theatre and art centre.
Source: BBC News       Date: 30 Dec 2002

Ancient Loos Under Threat
Archaeologists have expressed surprise at finding a complex medieval toilet system during a dig at a shopping centre redevelopment site. The find at the Sheridan Centre in Gaolgate Street, Stafford, has gone on show to the public, but will eventually be "destroyed" by work to construct a new retail development.
Source: Ananova       Date: 28 Dec 2002

Pilgrims Follow Ancient Footsteps
Hundreds of modern-day pilgrims are planning to take part in the traditional Boxing Day walk from Ripon Cathedral to Fountains Abbey in North Yorkshire. It will again be led by the Bishop of Ripon and Leeds, the Right Reverend John Packer.
Source: BBC News       Date: 24 Dec 2002

Bones From Medieval Ship Site Tested
Work is due to begin on a set of bones uncovered during the salvage of a medieval ship in Newport. Tests are expected to reveal more about the person's age, sex and lifestyle and how he or she came to buried at the site.
Source: BBC News       Date: 20 Dec 2002

'Unluckiest Church in the World' is Found
The church was wrecked by two earthquakes, a flood, and a landslide - all of which happened while it was still being built. It later became an opium den and after it was abandoned most of the remains were washed into the sea.
Source: Ananova       Date: 13 Dec 2002

Bones Unearthed at Medieval Ship Site
Workers excavating the banks of a river where the remains of a medieval ship were found have discovered two ancient leg bones at the site. The right and left femur bones were found by archaeologists unearthing the ship which has lain embedded in the banks of the River Usk in Newport since the 15th Century.
Source: BBC News       Date: 12 Dec 2002

Unique Character of Medieval Town
The historic buildings of Edinburgh's Old Town help to mark it out as one of Europe's most beautiful and architecturally important cities. In 1995, the Old Town, along with the city's New Town, was designated a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
Source: BBC News       Date: 8 Dec 2002

Historic Path Given Grant Boost
Plans to build a 60-mile footpath along an historic route in north east Wales has taken a leap in the right direction. Local historians want to open a long-distance route near Wat's Dyke - a defensive earthwork built in the 7th Century to keep Welsh people out of England.
Source: BBC News       Date: 3 Dec 2002

Bosnia Displays Ancient Jewish Book
One of Europe's most important Jewish relics has gone on public display in the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo. The 14th Century book, known as the Sarajevo Haggadah, depicts scenes from the Hebrew Bible and has intrigued scholars for generations.
Source: BBC News       Date: 2 Dec 2002

Black Book of Carmarthen Goes Online
Over 750 years after being written, probably in the Priory in Carmarthen, the Black Book of Carmarthen is now on the world wide web. Using the very latest technology, staff at the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth have digitally captured one of Wales's most important manuscripts so that people world-wide can view some of the earliest Welsh poetry from the comfort of their own home.
Source: NewsWales       Date: 26 Nov 2002

Cashing in on Medieval Law
A North Yorkshire Lord of the Manor could be about to reap thousands of pounds from local villagers - thanks to an archaic law. The centuries-old law could force the residents in Sutton-on-the-Forest to pay the cash to Sir George Wombwell, of Newburgh Priory, for the right to use their drives.
Source: BBC News       Date: 21 Nov 2002

Medieval Mickey Mouse?
Restoration work on an Austrian church has uncovered a 700-year-old fresco that some say bears a striking resemblance to Mickey Mouse. The "medieval Mickey" is one of a group of animals and mythical creatures surrounding St Christopher on the exterior of a church in the village of Malta in the province of Carinthia.
Source: CNN.com       Date: 15 Nov 2002

Floods Uncovered Unique Gothic Altars
The floods that swept the Czech Republic earlier this year have revealed a set of three centuries-old sandstone Gothic altars. The unique religious relics came to light in a church in Zalezlice, central Bohemia, during a clean-up operation after the flooding which practically destroyed the village.
Source: Ananova       Date: 14 Nov 2002

Sherwood Forest Protected
Sherwood Forest has been made a special conservation area. The new status as a National Nature Reserve will protect trees, plants and unusual wildlife.
Source: Ananova       Date: 12 Nov 2002

Saxon Urn Found in Back Garden
Archaeologists digging in the back garden of a family home in Otford near Sevenoaks have found artefacts dating back almost 2,000 years. The local council called in the team after the Taylor family applied for planning permission to build an extension. Their semi-detached home is known to be on a Saxon burial site.
Source: BBC News       Date: 8 Nov 2002

Gusts Delay Ship's Excavation
Windy conditions have delayed the removal of some of the final parts of a medieval ship discovered buried in the banks of a south Wales river. A team of experts had planned to lift the keel of the 15th Century vessel as part of a £3.5m restoration project, following the discovery at the site of a new arts centre in Newport.
Source: BBC News       Date: 7 Nov 2002

Medieval Ship's Hull is Removed
Archaeologists are due to begin removing the final remains of an historic trading ship found in south Wales. A team of experts will lift the keel of the 15th Century vessel as part of a £3.5m restoration project, following the discovery at the site of a new arts centre in Newport.
Source: BBC News       Date: 7 Nov 2002

DNA Tests for Swedish Saint
A shrine to Saint Birgitta, considered as Sweden's patron saint, is to be opened on Tuesday so that DNA tests can be carried out to determine whose remains it contains. Birgitta, a widow and mother of eight, is highly popular in northern Europe, Germany, Hungary and Poland. The shrine, at the Vadstena church in central Sweden, is dedicated to Birgitta Birgersdotter (1303-1373), who was canonised in 1391.
Source: BBC News       Date: 4 Nov 2002

'Haunted Hanging' Pub on Sale
One of the oldest pubs in Wales, where 180 people are believed to have been hanged in the 17th Century, has gone on sale. The Skirrid Mountain Inn in Llanfihangel Crucorney, five miles from Abergavenny, has been linked to Hanging Judge Jeffreys, who carried out mass executions in 1685 following the Monmouth Rebellion.
Source: BBC News       Date: 31 Oct 2002

Spooky Sightings at Medieval Estate
Halloween preparations are gearing up at what is believed to be the most haunted house in the UK. Aberglasney house, a medieval estate in Carmarthenshire, reports many sightings from visitors and workers alike.
Source: BBC News       Date: 31 Oct 2002

Revamp for Town Centre Streets
Nearly £1m is to be spent on improving streets in a west Wales market town. A grant of more than £400,000 has been secured under the Objective One scheme to allow work to be carried out on the Carmarthen project.
Source: BBC News       Date: 30 Oct 2002

Medieval Seat Theft Could be Linked to Others
Police are investigating whether the theft of a medieval carved seat from St Mary's Church in Fairford is linked to a spate of similar incidents in the south west. The 700-year-old misericord, worth £15,000, was stolen from the church at the end of August along with a 16th Century brass plaque.
Source: This is Cirencester       Date: 25 Oct 2002

Viking Artifacts Arrive in Style
A Scottish courier arrived in St. Paul this week with a locked briefcase full of Viking gear. Not shoulder pads or driving manuals; these were priceless artifacts from medieval days when Vikings ruled (the 13th century, not 1998). Alexander Quinn of the National Museums of Scotland delivered the case, which held three 800-year-old figurines that were used in a chess-type game played by the fierce and adventurous Vikings who arrived in Scotland from Scandinavia. The pieces, carved from Greenlandic walrus ivory by Norwegian craftsmen, were found in Scotland. They'll be part of the Science Museum of Minnesota's touring exhibit "Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga," which opens Nov. 23.
Source: Star Tribune       Date: 25 Oct 2002

Airport Growth Threatens Church
A church which dates back to 600 AD may have to be knocked down if an expansion at East Midlands Airport is approved. Under safety regulations, Breedon Church in Leicestershire would cause a hazard to planes landing at a new runway. The Saxon church is in the village of Breedon-on-the-Hill and still holds services, weddings and other religious ceremonies.
Source: BBC News       Date: 22 Oct 2002

Abbey's `Four Story' £10m Facelift
It's been called the Westminster Abbey of Wales. Five generations of princes and princesses of the royal family of Deheubarth lie buried at Strata Florida, Ceredigion, along with the country's greatest medieval poet, Dafydd ap Gwilym. As large as the great religious foundations of Fountains, Rivelaux and Tintern, it was considered so important as a spiritual and cultural centre that it was a target for successive English invasion forces.
Source: iC Wales       Date: 21 Oct 2002

Flashing Blades Recreate Castle's Past
Silhouetted dramatically against the Edinburgh skyline, two soldiers pit their sword-fighting skills against each other. The mock duel in the grounds of Edinburgh Castle was staged yesterday as part of the weekend-long Autumn Spectacular, an event organised by Historic Scotland. Visitors were thrown back in time with a chance to find out what life was like when soldiers and clansmen roamed the land.
Source: Scotsman       Date: 21 Oct 2002

Medieval Books Get Rare Display at Library
Illuminated manuscripts, one of the most fragile of the medieval arts, are getting a rare display at the New York Public Library in an exhibition titled "Rare Illuminated Manuscripts and Early Printed Books." The library's important collection of manuscripts delicately illustrated with miniature paintings and decorations in brilliant color embellished by a generous use of gold are almost never shown because exposure to light causes fading, as it does with tapestries. Since most of the manuscripts are bound, only two pages at a time of any one book can be displayed.
Source: UPI       Date: 21 Oct 2002

'Priceless' Relic Stolen From Monastery
A priceless 15th Century wooden statue of the Madonna and Child has been stolen from a monastery. Benedictine monks at Prinknash Abbey, near Gloucester, fear the Flemish oak statue may have been taken for a private collection.
Source: BBC News       Date: 20 Oct 2002

Where Frenchmen Wear Kilts
A Scottish town in France? Och, oui. Anthony Peregrine, of The Sunday Times, finds a bizarre relic of the Auld Alliance.
Source: Times Online       Date: 20 Oct 2002

Making Medieval Music (and Marketing It, Too)
The singers in Anonymous 4 have discovered in their 16 years as a touring early-music vocal ensemble that fame has its pitfalls and that they are not always what one expects. "There's the problem of being identified with what we sing," said Marsha Genensky, one of the four singers in the group, which is best known for its performances of medieval sacred music but is expanding in other directions as well. "When we've gone to Spain, we've found that people don't believe that we're not nuns. Because how could we possibly sing this music if we're not nuns?"
Source: New York Times       Date: 18 Oct 2002

Ancient Coin Expected to Make a Mint
A penny from the distant past could rake in a fortune when it goes under the hammer at a collector's auction. The rare 900-year-old coin, which shows the head of the Earl of Northumberland, dates from around 1150AD and was probably minted in the North East. And with only about 20 of the coins surviving worldwide from the period, it is expected to fetch £4,000 when it is auctioned at Spink, in London, on November 15.
Source: iC Newcastle       Date: 17 Oct 2002

One 15th-Century Print Does a Star Turn in Cleveland
In a museum known for picking outstanding single works by great artists, a show based on one medieval engraving is especially appropriate. This 15th-century engraving, "Battle of the Nudes" by the Florentine painter, sculptor and goldsmith Antonio del Pollaiuolo, depicts a scene that still puzzles art historians. Ten men, all unclothed, are engaged in fierce combat with weapons including knives, swords and axes.
Source: NY Times       Date: 16 Oct 2002

Experts Study Biography of King of Gwynedd
An account of the rediscovery of a medieval Latin biography of Gruffudd ap Cynan, the powerful king of Gwynedd buried in Bangor cathedral in 1137, will be among the highlights for Welsh medievalists gathering at the University of Wales, Bangor over this week-end (19-20 October) to discuss new research on medieval Welsh history.
Source: News Wales       Date: 15 Oct 2002

National Trust Opposes Stansted Expansion
The National Trust has warned government plans to build new runways at Stansted airport could damage a scientifically important Essex forest... It is particularly concerned about Hatfield Forest, directly south of the airport, which is said to be the last remaining intact medieval hunting forest in Europe.
Source: BBC News       Date: 15 Oct 2002

Schools Reviving a Dead Language
A funny thing happened on the way to higher standards: Schools remembered Latin. As educators work to improve student performance in basic subjects such as reading, math, history and science, a few are finding that Latin, long thought stuffy and irrelevant, can help.
Source: CNN       Date: 14 Oct 2002

A Medieval Mission in Poitou-Charentes
Like a child's drawing of an improbably neat countryside, fields of sunflowers and grapevines stretch for miles in the Poitou-Charentes. Every so often a cluster of limestone houses and a steeple rears up, and it's possible to walk from one hamlet to the next without encountering more than a few cars. The traffic was heavier in the 11th and 12th centuries, when the road from Tours in the Loire Valley southwest through Poitiers and Saintes was one of France's four main routes to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. The tomb of St. James (Santiago in Spanish, St. Jacques in French) was Europe's premier pilgrimage site, and places of worship were essential along the route. As a result, this placid southwestern region has a saint's ransom of Romanesque churches.
Source: NY Times       Date: 13 Oct 2002

Book Forges Link Between Cities
The bond between Norwich and its French twin, Rouen, was forged in paper and ink today when a book celebrating the archaeological significance of the two cities was launched. The Medieval House in Normandy and England stems from a series of seminars in Rouen and Norwich in 1998 and 1999 where the 12th century Norman house under the Norwich's magistrates court and a similar discovery in France were discussed.
Source: EDP 24       Date: 11 Oct 2002

Lemon Juice 'Could Stop AIDS'
Australian scientists believe lemon juice could act as a cheap and effective birth control and help stop the spread of the deadly Aids disease... The practice of using lemon juice to prevent pregnancy was commonly used in medieval times, including by the legendary lothario Casanova, but has been forgotten by modern medicine.
Source: BBC News       Date: 11 Oct 2002

'Treasure' Unearthed at Oxford
Archaeologists have discovered 4,000-year-old artefacts while doing excavation work for Newsquest Oxfordshire's new £20m press hall. Irrigation gullies and pottery dating from the Bronze Age have been unearthed as well as coins which are thought to be medieval.
Source: HoldTheFrontPage.co.uk       Date: 10 Oct 2002

Jaakko Frösén gets EUR 20,000 prize for studies of ancient world
"It is a wonderful feeling to get first-hand information from 1000 years ago by finding a new papyrus scroll. History teaches, but people are not very good at learning. The world of antiquity had the same kinds of disputes as we do today", says Jaakko Frösén, professor of Greek philology, and one of Finland's best-known scientists. On Wednesday Frösén accepted a prize of EUR 20,000 given by the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation. He was granted the coveted prize for his scientific achievements as the head of a unique project. The project, sponsored by the Academy of Finland, involves the study of ancient and medieval documents, archives, and libraries.
Source: Helsingin Sanomat       Date: 10 Oct 2002

Museum to Mend Shattered Statue
New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art is trying to repair a 15th Century sculpture after it fell to the floor and shattered into pieces this week. The statue of Adam by Venetian sculptor Tullio Lombardo, considered a key piece of Italian Renaissance art, lost arms and legs in the fall.
Source: BBC News       Date: 10 Oct 2002

Rare Find Given to Museum
An amateur metal detector has been praised after handing a 1,500-year-old artefact to the British Museum. The rare gilded silver pinhead, styled in the image of a bird of prey, is thought to have been crafted in the 6th Century.
Source: BBC News       Date: 10 Oct 2002

Will This Map Rewrite History?
In 1507, a group of scholars working in France produced an extraordinary map of the world, the first to put the still-recent discoveries of Columbus and others into a new continent separate from Asia and to call that continent "America." With the Waldseemuller map, the New World was born. But there was something else. What would later come to be called South America and Central America were surprisingly well-shaped, not only on the east coast, where explorers already had sailed, but also on the west coast -- which no European was known to have seen.
Source: Salt Lake Tribune       Date: 10 Oct 2002

Robin Hood, 3 Others Charged in Robbery
Decatur police arrested Robin Hood on Tuesday. They also arrested his two younger brothers and fiancee in connection with the Saturday robbery of Steak-Out at 1823 Sixth Ave. S.E.
Source: Decatur Daily       Date: 9 Oct 2002

Shattered15th Century Statue to be Repaired
Conservationists should be able to restore a 15th-century marble statue of Adam at the Metropolitan Museum of Art that toppled over and broke into dozens of pieces, the museum's director said. The life-size nude by Venetian sculptor Tullio Lombardo fell after its pedestal gave way, Philippe de Montebello said Tuesday.
Source: CNN       Date: 9 Oct 2002

Dracula Theme Park Could be Switched to Bucharest
A controversial scheme to build a Dracula theme park in Romania could be switched away from Transylvania. Consultants PricewaterhouseCoopers is now recommending that it be built in Bucharest instead. It comes after Prince Charles led international protests against the original proposals to build it in the medieval town of Sigishoara.
Source: Ananova       Date: 8 Oct 2002

New Light on a Lost World of Shattered Icons
When the fragments of saints and angels were whole, lit by flickering candles in dim lofty churches, Stacy Boldrick thinks they looked not merely lifelike but alive, their cheeks flushed pink, their hair glittering with real gold, their painted pupils directly engaging the gaze of the awed devout. The shattered rubble of a lost world of medieval art has been gathered together at the Henry Moore Institute in Leeds, for the first exhibition devoted to painted sculpture from medieval England.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 7 Oct 2002

Pottery Find Opens up the Past
Archaeologists say "classy" pottery found during a Suffolk dig has helped confirm the medieval wealth of one of the county's most historic towns. The fine and "pretty" glazed Hedingham ware, which was made in Essex, was unearthed during a three-week dig in High Baxter Street, Bury St Edmunds, on the site of the old Suffolk Hotel garage. Andrew Tester, Suffolk County Council's senior archaeological project officer, said the find revealed the street was home to the well heeled of the early 13th Century.
Source: EADT       Date: 7 Oct 2002

Cash Boost for Norfolk's Churches
Work to restore and renovate Norfolk's historic churches has received a welcome boost of £100,000. The money for the Norfolk Churches Trust came from landfill tax credits distributed through Waste Recycling Environmental Limited (Wren) – bringing to £350,000 the money the charity has received from the scheme.
Source: EDP24       Date: 6 Oct 2002

Spielberg Puts the Legend of King Arthur to the Sword
Steven Spielberg is to demolish the "myth" of Camelot in a television film series about King Arthur that does not feature a round table, Excalibur, Merlin or knights. The series, which is due to be shot in Britain next year, will oppose the traditional view of Camelot as a cloud-covered city of towers and battlements by portraying it as a simple Roman fort.
Source: Daily Telegraph       Date: 6 Oct 2002

Americans Remember King Richard
American enthusiasts for Richard III are attempting to recreate his funeral. Members of the International Foundation of Richard III will be in Ripon, North Yorkshire on Saturday to mark the 550th anniversary of Richard's birth. The foundation is based in New Jersey.
Source: BBC News       Date: 4 Oct 2002

Borgias Exhibit on Show in Rome
An exhibition has opened at an art gallery in Rome which focuses on the Borgias, one of the most notorious families of the 15th and early 16th Century. The Borgia: The Art Of Powers features paintings of members of the family and other works of art connected with them.
Source: BBC News       Date: 4 Oct 2002

Feuds, Food and Feudalism
A lot of family squabbling will take place on Sunday in front of an audience of 40,000. There will be heated discussions about who is going to dust the house and whether the family will write a spider cookbook. No, these folks are not the Osbournes. They are the Calms: Slash and Dot Calm and their offspring. Despite their high-tech names, they are more 12th-century than 21st: occupying a Web Sight, they are an improvisational troupe among the HTML (hypertalented men and ladies) at the 18th annual Medieval Festival in Fort Tryon Park.
Source: New York Times       Date: 4 Oct 2002

Medieval Skills Give Back Abbey's Past
The building crafts of medieval monks are being used to put right damage to an ancient abbey from botched restoration work in the 1940s. A lime mortar, based on samples of 800-year-old pointing, was edged into place yesterday in deep, water-eroded gashes on the 13th century tower at Fountains Abbey in north Yorkshire.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 4 Oct 2002

Plans to Remove Mediaeval Ship Without its Prow and Stern Takes Wind Out of Campaigners' Sails
Archaeologists yesterday called for all hands on deck to remove the remains of Newport's ancient ship - but without its prow and stern. Marine history experts concluded hat the stern of the 15th Century merchantman had long disappeared in the sands of time and that the row had been partly destroyed by modern building work.
Source: IC Wales       Date: 4 Oct 2002

St Francis of Fiat 500
It is good that today is set aside to honour Giovanni di Bernadone, hooligan, rake and madcap student, who had the greybeards of Umbria growling angrily about the youth of their day. We know him better as St Francis of Assisi, the Christian paragon who betrothed himself to "Lady Poverty" and preached the gospel to sparrows. For the 776th time since his death in 1226, his devotees will spend the day in contemplation of his life and work, and of the Franciscan order, the Grey Friars, which was his official legacy. But a few moments to think about, and celebrate St Francis will be taken by many others: atheists, Muslims and agnostics who are drawn to his optimistic creed - that we should love life.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 4 Oct 2002

German Academic to Teach in Welsh
A German academic who fell in love with Wales and its language after a childhood holiday has secured a university post teaching in Welsh. Karen Stöber, 29, who is a native of Cologne in Germany, has been appointed to teach history at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Her inspiration to learn the language came after visiting Wales when she was only 10 years old and, later, her appreciation of mediaeval Welsh poetry.
Source: IC Wales       Date: 3 Oct 2002

Medieval Ship Parts 'Destroyed'
Marine archaeologists have confirmed they will not be able to recover key parts of a unique 15th Century trading ship found in Newport. Previous building work and other disturbance at the site of a new arts centre by the river means the bow and stern of the ship are missing or destroyed.
Source: BBC News       Date: 3 Oct 2002

Archaeologists' Stern Warning Over Lost Ship
Did the Newport Ship, the medieval merchantman trapped for more than 500 years in the silt of the Severn riverbank, have a prow curved like a Viking longboat or a stern shaped like a castle? Archaeologists will never know unless money is found to excavate both ends of the ship as well as the hull - and they insist the historic value of the ship will be destroyed unless all the timbers are lifted. "It would be like excavating a skeleton, but deciding not to bother with the feet and skull," said Dai Morgan Evans, secretary of the Society of Antiquaries in London.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 2 Oct 2002

Hidden Treasure is Revealed
One of the country's finest medieval wall paintings is being uncovered at a Coventry city centre church after being hidden for more than 100 years. Art restoration experts are painstakingly removing the layer of varnish, dirt and tar which has hidden the doom painting at Holy Trinity in Broadgate for more than a century. Work started at the beginning of September and is expected to take nine months.
Source: ICCoventry       Date: 2 Oct 2002

Sainted and Painted
An exhibition of medieval sculptures reveals how vividly lifelike they must once have looked, says Richard Dorment There are two ways to approach Wonder: Painted Sculpture from Medieval England at the Henry Moore Institute in Leeds (until Jan 5). Strictly speaking, it is a small exhibition about polychromy in Gothic statuary between about 1200 and 1500.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 2 Oct 2002

End in Sight for Castle Campaign
Campaigners trying to save the historic castle which staged the first Welsh eisteddfod say they are hopeful it will be in public ownership by the end of the year. Ceredigion council is now finalising its plans to buy the 12th century Cardigan castle after it used its legal powers to force a sale under a compulsory purchase order (CPO).
Source: BBC News       Date: 1 Oct 2002

Glory-Be! Village Church is Among Britain's Greats
A small village church in Devon has been recognised as one of the nation's architectural gems. St Giles' and St Peter's Parish Church at Sidbury, near Sidmouth, has been granted grade one listed building status - putting it on a par with historic monuments such as Exeter Cathedral, Westminster Abbey and St Paul's Cathedral in London.
Source: This is Exeter       Date: 1 Oct 2002

U.K. Museum Mistakenly Sells Skull
Staff at the York Dungeon museum of horrors said Tuesday they are trying to trace a visitor who was accidentally sold a human skull in the museum shop, where the grisly item was used as a prop. Performance manager Helen Spence, said the skull had been put on a bookshelf during refurbishment of one of the exhibits and presumably sold as one of the replica skulls that are offered to visitors.
Source: Lycos       Date: 1 Oct 2002

150 Churches Protected by Listed Status
Churches and cathedrals are to gain special protection from alteration works or planning blight. Grade 1 listed building status will be granted to 150 buildings throughout 12 counties. The move will make it easier for many of them to apply for grants to help with upkeep and restoration.
Source: Ananova       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Blood and Guts on Menu for Dracula Park
Scary jelly, blood pudding and brains will be on the menu if Romania goes ahead with a Dracula theme park, but critics are more afraid it could spoil the nearby medieval birthplace of "Vlad the Impaler". Romania plans to build the park near the Transylvanian town of Sighisoara, birthplace of 15th century Romanian Count Vlad Tepes, or Vlad the Impaler, who is thought to have inspired Irish author Bram Stoker's Gothic novel "Dracula".
Source: Reuters       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Britain Bans Export of Helmet
Britain has temporarily banned the export of a 500-year-old helmet in the hope that money could be found to keep it in the country. The Department for Culture, Media and Sport said Monday the 15th-century sallet a visored helmet worn by medieval knights was distinguished by its superb craftsmanship and outstanding historical value.
Source: ABC News       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Dracula Theme Park Town Bites Back
A bloody battle is brewing in Romania as environmentalists protest over government plans to build a Dracula theme park in a Transylvanian town. Groups including the U.N's cultural body UNESCO to Greenpeace are opposed to the park, which they say will spoil the local environment and the medieval heritage of the town of Sighisoara.
Source: CNN       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Historic Store's Trip Back in Time
A time capsule is to be buried at Browns of Chester department store today. Archeological remains dating back to the 16th century were found earlier this year during work on the extension and modernisation of the store.
Source: iCLiverpool       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Medieval Remedies Undergo a Renaissance
Leeches to improve blood flow after surgery. Bee stings to alleviate the symptoms of multiple sclerosis or arthritis. Maggots for bedsores. How is it that these old-fashioned remedies have, for some, found a place in the midst of 21st-century medicine -- the age of stem cells, surgical robots and genetics? It may seem strange, but it appears that some of the very treatments that fell out of favor because of the development of antibiotics and other medical marvels are now coming back into vogue.
Source: American Medical News       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Surveyor’s Shock Over Church Wrecking Spree
A SURVEYOR said church vandalism costing more than £20,000 is the worst he has seen in 30 years. The incident happened in July during the £120,000 renovation of St Mary’s Church, in Rushden, which started in May, as reported in the ET.
Source: Northhants News       Date: 30 Sep 2002

Sex is Better in Latin, Says Former Judge
For hundreds of years judges have been able to protect the dignity of their office by using Latin to tackle the tricky subject of sex. But now a former judge warns that the banishment of Latin from the courtroom may force the judiciary to fall upon the Anglo-Saxon vernacular. The alternative English terms to such phrases as "in flagrante delicto", "coitus interruptus" and "fellatio" are enough to make even the most worldly-wise judge blush.
Source: Independent       Date: 29 Sep 2002

Public Explore Rare Buildings
Some Denbigh's most historic buildings have opened their doors to the public as part of Wales' largest celebration of architecture and heritage. The event forms part of the National European Heritage Days, which give people the opportunity to explore buildings not normally open to the public.
Source: BBC News       Date: 28 Sep 2002

Ancient Bridge is Under Pressure
A Medieval bridge in Ludlow, built for horse carts and pedestrians, is creaking under the strain of modern traffic, a planning chief warned today.
Source: Shropshire Star       Date: 27 Sep 2002

Learn Latin on Cable
Br. Alexis Bugnolo is offering a free first-year Latin Grammar course on Mansfield Cable Channel 17. The 36-week course begins the second week of September and continues to the second week of June. Instruction will include approximately one hour of class and one hour of language workshop each week. You can join in the class by watching Cable Channel 17 Mondays and Wednesdays at 10 a.m., 4 p.m. and 7 p.m. On Tuesday and Thursday, the follow-up hour of language workshop will be shown at 10 a.m., 4 p.m. and 7 p.m. The free textbook for the course can be downloaded from http://www.franciscan-archive.org/misc/latin.html.
Source: Mansfield News       Date: 27 Sep 2002

Restored Assisi Frescoes Unveiled
Frescoes thought to have been destroyed when the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi was hit by an earthquake in 1997, have been unveiled again. The Times says among the restored artwork is Giotto's figure of St Jerome, which was badly damaged at the time.
Source: Ananova       Date: 27 Sep 2002

Assisi Frescoes Rise From the Rubble
A series of restored ceiling and wall fresco paintings are being unveiled at the medieval shrine of St Francis at Assisi in central Italy, five years after an earthquake seriously damaged them. Four people were killed when part of the ceiling of the upper Basilica of St Francis collapsed in the 1997 earthquake, and a memorial service to them is being held as part of the ceremonies marking the restoration.
Source: BBC News       Date: 26 Sep 2002

Lost and Found... 1,100 Years On
Jeffrey Islip only took up metal detecting because he needed a hobby after he retired. He had also recently had a heart operation and thought it would be a good way of exercising. But he never imagined that he would find a rare 1,100-year-old silver strap-end that could have been used during the last days of Alfred the Great's reign.
Source: This is Nottingham       Date: 26 Sep 2002

Medieval Burial Ground Uncovered
Archaeologists have uncovered around 30 bodies thought to date back to the 13th century while excavating a building site in Ipswich. The site, located on Wolsey Street, is believed to have been a medieval cemetery located alongside a hospital.
Source: Evening Star       Date: 26 Sep 2002

Quake-damaged Giotto Frescoes Restored
Exactly five years ago a disastrous earthquake seriously damaged the basilica of Saint Francis and the historic town of Assisi in central Italy. Now the famous frescoes by Giotto in the upper basilica have been unveiled to the public again after painstaking restoration.
Source: BBC News       Date: 26 Sep 2002

Skeletons Found at Queen's Residence
Eight human skeletons have been found under the kitchen at the Queen's residence in Edinburgh. Police were alerted to the discovery at the Palace of Holyroodhouse after workmen installing ducting unearthed the remains. However, experts believe that the bones are at least five centuries old.
Source: BBC News       Date: 25 Sep 2002

Skeletons Found in Royal Palace
Eight human skeletons have been discovered in one of the Queen's official residences. Police were alerted after gas workers who were laying pipes unearthed the remains in the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. It is believed the bones, found in the kitchen, probably belonged to people who lived near a monastery which once stood on the site during medieval times.
Source: Ananova       Date: 25 Sep 2002

Treasure Trove Found
Metal detector enthusiasts scouring a farmer's field for lost artefacts have unearthed a haul including fragments of four Roman broaches, a medieval spoon and Elizabethan silver coins lost for four centuries which are now expected to be declared treasure trove. The detectorists were invited on to the field at Wyverstone owned by farmer James Black to help raise money for the village church, St George's.
Source: Evening Star       Date: 25 Sep 2002

Turin Shroud May be Genuine After All
The Turin Shroud bearing the features of a crucified man may well be the cloth that enveloped the body of Christ, a renowned textile historian told United Press International Tuesday. Disputing inconclusive carbon-dating tests suggesting the shroud hailed from medieval times, Swiss specialist Mechthild Flury-Lemberg said it could be almost 2,000 years old.
Source: UPI       Date: 24 Sep 2002

Archaeologists Comb Stiklestad
One of Norway's most fabled historical spots - Stiklestad, where Olav the Holy fell in battle in 1030 - will be the site of an autumn dig by eager archaeologists. Mass warrior graves are one possible find. Archaeologist and excavation leader Eirik Solheim hopes that the dig can confirm the actual spot of the Battle of Stiklestad, Trondheim newspaper Adresseavisen reports.
Source: Aftenposten       Date: 23 Sep 2002

New Road Wins Out Over Ruined Castle
On Monday Minister for Transport Séamus Brennan announced that he was allowing the final southeastern section of the M50 to proceed through the Carrickmines Castle site with just minor adjustments. He claimed that 60% of the castle ruins would be preserved in situ and some of the remainder would be transferred to another part of the site.
Source: Emigrant Online       Date: 23 Sep 2002

Medieval Writings Set to Music
The words of Mother Julian, written in colloquial medieval language, have been an inspiration for many people over the 600 years since they first came to her in a series of visions or 'shewings'. They came to the 30-year-old daughter of a merchant after a near-death experience and days of illness, on May 8, 1373.
Source: EDP 24       Date: 22 Sep 2002

Shroud of Turin Custodians Reveal Details of Secret Restoration
Experts performed a top-secret restoration of the Shroud of Turin, removing centuries' old patches and a replacing a backing sewn centuries ago onto what some say was the burial cloth of Jesus, church officials announced Saturday. The restoration was carried out with explicit Vatican permission, and aimed only to protect and document the artifact.
Source: Billings Gazette       Date: 22 Sep 2002

Vatican Scientists Accused of Destroying Turin Shroud
Microscopic particles that could have proved whether or not the Shroud of Turin could be dated to around the time of the death of Christ have been destroyed by Vatican scientists. Scientists performed a secret restoration of the shroud -- which supposedly wrapped the body of Jesus after his crucifixion -- during which they cleaned and restored the burial cloth. This may have caused potentially important dust and pollen molecules to be lost forever.
Source: Sunday Herald       Date: 22 Sep 2002

Archaeological Dig in Suffolk Town
A small team of workers are down on their hands and trees travelling back in time tracing a market town's medieval roots. Archaeologists have started a three-week dig in High Baxter Street, Bury St Edmunds, on a site of the old Suffolk Hotel garage.
Source: East Anglian Daily Times       Date: 21 Sep 2002

The Knight With a Magic Touch
Stephen Weeks is one of the relatively few Englishmen who can truthfully say that his home is his castle. The 53-year-old film-maker has devoted most of the past 30 years to coaxing medieval Penhow Castle, in South Wales, back to its former glory.
Source: Times Online       Date: 20 Sep 2002

Steelworks Houses Historic Ship Timbers
Steel giant Corus has stepped in to provide a temporary home for the medieval ship which has been rescued from a Newport building site. The timbers from the ancient boat, which is older than the Tudor ship the Mary Rose, are to be stored at the Llanwern steelworks outside the city until preservation work can begin.
Source: BBC News       Date: 19 Sep 2002

Vikings, Saxons and the Seven Sisters
The Houghton-based Friends of Copt Hill will celebrate its first major event with a trip back in time. To mark the 125th anniversary of the excavation of the Copt Hill Burial Mound, the group has organised an open day.
Source: Sunderland Today       Date: 18 Sep 2002

Outrage as Road Plan Clashes with Castle
Environmentalists have reacted furiously to news that 40% of the site of a medieval castle in Dublin is to be lost, under proposals to build a new section of motorway. Transport Minister Seamus Brennan said his plans would allow the final leg of the M50 motorway, which circles the city, to proceed on schedule, while preserving “extensive areas” of the Carrickmines Castle site.
Source: Ireland On-Line       Date: 17 Sep 2002

Unesco Adds World Heritage Sites
Unesco has added nine places to its listing of World Heritage Sites. These cultural and natural treasures that the agency works to protect now number 730 in 125 countries.
Source: International Herald Tribune       Date: 17 Sep 2002

Kaliningrad Rediscovers its History
A Russian engineer who blew up a historic castle in Kaliningrad has returned to the site four decades later - to help archaeologists and historians resurrect it. Avenir Ovsyanov is leading a project to unearth the city's history that has been hidden for almost 60 years.
Source: BBC News       Date: 16 Sep 2002

Archaeologists Find Legendary Icelandic Home
A UCLA team has found the Iceland home of Snorri Thorfinnsson, the first person of European descent born in the New World. Icelandic sagas from the 13th century tell the story of how Snorri’s parents led the first Scandinavian group that attempted to settle in Vinland — on the Canadian coast — around A.D. 1000. The attempt failed, and the family moved to Iceland, but Snorri was born while they were there.
Source: Quad-Cities Times       Date: 15 Sep 2002

Curtain Closes Today on Treasured Artworks from Vatican
More than 120,000 visitors from Lubbock and other cities, states and countries already have viewed Vatican-loaned frescoes from the 13th and 14th centuries this summer at the Museum of Texas Tech. That is more than half the population of Lubbock.
Source: Lubbock Online       Date: 15 Sep 2002

Sheriffs Were Seen Way Back in History
As Allegheny County Sheriff Pete DeFazio battles with the county's chief executive, he can claim to have history on his side. More than 1,100 years of history, in fact. The existence of sheriffs goes back at least as far as ninth-century England, back to when King Alfred the Great needed help maintaining law and order.
Source: Post-Gazette       Date: 15 Sep 2002

Fairytale Castle Reveals More
Parts of a fantasy Victorian castle, near Cardiff, have been opened for the public to view for the first time. One of the rooms now on show at Castell Coch overlooking the Welsh capital is the fully furnished bedroom of one of the daughters of the landowner the third Marquis and Marchioness of Bute.
Source: BBC News       Date: 14 Sep 2002

Moor or Less Restored to its Medieval Splendour
In the 1830s the traveller and writer Richard Ford commented on “the general neglect and indifference shown towards Moorish works” in Andalusia. The Alhambra, the pearl of Granada, is in the estimation of locals “little better than a rat hole”, Ford added back then.
Source: Times Online       Date: 14 Sep 2002

Scheme for Robin Hood Gatehouse
A ruined gatehouse - where legend says Robin Hood bled to death - could soon become an unusual holiday home or workplace. The mystery-shrouded building is part of the 1,000-acre Kirklees Priory estate at Clifton, Brighouse. Folklore says the outlaw shot his final arrow from the window of the gatehouse, then died there after an evil nun or prioress had cut a vein in his arm to let his blood drain away.
Source: IC Huddersfield       Date: 14 Sep 2002

Was 'Old' Map Faked to Tweak the Nazis?
The Vinland Map must be the world's most contested piece of parchment. Donated to Yale University by the philanthropist Paul Mellon in 1957, the map, which famously describes the Viking discovery of North America, has been stuck in scholarly deadlock ever since. The subject of endless studies and counterstudies, the map is either a rare medieval artifact — the first cartographic representation of the continent — or else a modern fake.
Source: New York Times       Date: 14 Sep 2002

It's Finally Open After 600 Years
A castle built 600 years ago to defend the English border from Scottish attack is now throwing down the welcome mat to visitors. The ruins of Thirlwall Castle, a 14th Century structure which sits near Hadrian's Wall at Haltwhistle, were officially opened to allow access to the public for the first time yesterday.
Source: iCNewcastle       Date: 13 Sep 2002

Castle Ruin Opens to Public
A medieval castle close to the historic Hadrian's Wall is to open to the public for the first time in 300 years. Thirlwall Castle, near Greenhead, Northumberland, will open on Thursday, ending three years of restoration work.
Source: BBC News       Date: 12 Sep 2002

Hadrian's 'Home' Opened to the Public
A medieval home built with stones stolen from Hadrian's Wall has been opened to the public for the first time in 600 years. Thirlwall Castle underwent a three-year conservation programme to make it safe.
Source: Ananova       Date: 12 Sep 2002

Last Castle of Welsh Prince Opens
The final castle built by Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, the last independent Prince of Wales, opens to the public after over 20 years of excavation work finished. Dolforwyn Castle, near Newtown in mid Wales, has re-emerged from beneath the turf where foundations were first laid in 1272.
Source: BBC News       Date: 12 Sep 2002

Moat Obstacle to Care Home
An Exhall care home has been refused permission to build a 72-bed extension on green belt land between Bedworth and Coventry. But it was not the green belt issue but matters of archaeological and ecological importance that swung the vote of councillors on the planning committee last night, as they considered the application from Chasewood Lodge, in McDonnell Drive.
Source: iCCoventry       Date: 12 Sep 2002

Backing for Restoration of Old Mill's Heart
City councillors have pledged their support to restoring the inner workings of a medieval Exeter mill. Members of Exeter City Council's Economy Scrutiny committee recently welcomed a report into the progress of repairs at Cricklepit Mill close to the Quay.
Source: This is Devon       Date: 10 Sep 2002

Medieval Koran Goes Digital
A medieval copy of the Koran has been added to the British Library's digital collection. The 700 year-old holy book is known as Sultan Baybars's Koran and the text is the latest addition to the library's Turning the Pages project.
Source: VNUNET.com       Date: 10 Sep 2002

New Shrine for Suffolk Church
A medieval Suffolk shrine is to be re-established - nearly 500 years after it was dismantled during the Reformation. A new statue of Our Lady of Grace is to be unveiled at St Mary At The Elms Church, in Ipswich, at a multi-faith dedication ceremony on Tuesday.
Source: BBC News       Date: 10 Sep 2002

Town is Crying Out for Someone to Fit Traditional Role
Oyez oyez. Forget emails or the Internet, the good citizens of Chester-le-Street, County Durham are reverting to a medieval method of spreading the news. The search began yesterday for a town crier, who must have a "thunderous, yet articulate" voice.
Source: iC Newcastle       Date: 10 Sep 2002

Historic Ship Pulled From Mud
Excavation work has began on a historically valuable medieval ship discovered buried in a south Wales riverbank. The 15th century vessel's remains were found in the mud banks of the River Usk at Newport as developers dug foundations for an arts centre and theatre in June.
Source: BBC News       Date: 9 Sep 2002

Modern Snapshot of Historic Village Life
Five hundred years ago, letters written from a North Norfolk village painted a vivid snapshot of local life at the end of the medieval era. Now the same seaside village is set to publish a 21st century update of the historic documents. The Paston Letters won national acclaim for their detailed description of rural events and gossip, along with reflections of national events during the turbulent times of the Wars of the Roses.
Source: EDP 24       Date: 9 Sep 2002

St. Norbert to Host Medieval Conference
The 18th Annual Conference of the Medieval Association of the Midwest will be held Sept. 27 and 28 at the Bemis International Center at St. Norbert College. Speakers include Norris Lacy form Pennsylvania State University and Jonathan Wilcox from the University of Iowa. The conference also will feature breakout sessions in the International Center from 9 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.
Source: Green Bay Press Gazette       Date: 9 Sep 2002

Magnificent Churches Open to the Public
More than 200 churches of outstanding historical and architectural importance will be open to the public next weekend. The buildings - which are no longer in regular use for worship - are all in the care of The Churches Conservation Trust.
Source: Ananova       Date: 8 Sep 2002

Ancient Tipple at Re-enactment
Medieval ales and mead are being served to thirsty knights at a re-enactment weekend in a south Wales castle. The drinks are being served up from a medieval ale tent which has been set up in the grounds of Caldicot castle.
Source: BBC News       Date: 7 Sep 2002

Farmers Who are Stuck in a Feudal Furrow
Fresh from haymaking, the farmer's son eases out of the tractor and grimly recites a string of complaints against a feudal system his family once respected, if not admired. "It's them and us, master and servant," he says. "They think they're back in the 19th century, they treat us like peasants these days. Everything has changed."
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 7 Sep 2002

Campaign to Save Castle Fields
People living near a 13th Century castle in north Wales are trying to raise £500,000 to buy the area around the site in an attempt to save it from developers. More than 98% of residents within the Parish of Hope in Flintshire have given their support to purchase the land.
Source: BBC News       Date: 6 Sep 2002

Crossbow Rivalry of Two Italian Towns Dates to Middle Ages
"Bless these cavalieri for transferring their noble weapons into instruments of peace." With these words and a sprinkling of holy water, a local priest completed the blessing of arms that opened the crossbow competition in Gubbio, Italy, last May. The target-shooting contest that pits the bowmen of Gubbio against their challengers from Sansepolcro, a neighboring city in Umbria, has been held regularly for several centuries. This weekend, the Gubbio team travels to Sansepolcro for the second stage of the colorful event, known as the Palio della Balestra.
Source: National Geographic       Date: 6 Sep 2002

Friends of the Newport Ship Group Formed
Following the announcement of a plan to save Newport's Mediaeval Ship by the Wales National Assembly, S.O.S. (Save Our Ship) campaigners have changed their rally slogan to Support Our Ship and have reformed as the Friends of the Newport Ship - S.O.S.
Source: News Wales       Date: 6 Sep 2002

Medieval Festival a Big Hit
Brave armour-clad knights helped to weave a bit of medieval magic to delight the crowds in Barnstaple. And the authentic display - complete with traditional crafts - was greeted with such enthusiasm there are high hopes of it being repeated. The historical festival on Castle Green was the work of the specialist company Historical Promotions run by history and archaeology teacher Rob Butler.
Source: This is Devon       Date: 6 Sep 2002

British Library Gets Digital 700-Year-Old Koran
The British Library has added a treasured 700-year-old Koran to its digitised library. The ancient holy book is known as Sultan Baybars' Koran. The text is the latest addition to the library's Turning the Pages project.
Source: Ananova       Date: 5 Sep 2002

Last Chance to View Medieval Ship
The medieval ship discovered in Newport is to go on display to the public for the last time before being removed for conservation work to begin.
Source: BBC News       Date: 5 Sep 2002

Treasures of the Churches
More than 20 churches across Mid-Anglia are opening their doors to the public this month to allow people a glimpse of the many hidden treasures within. This year more churches than ever are taking part in The Churches Conservation Trust Heritage Open Days.
Source: Cambridge News       Date: 5 Sep 2002

Hopkins Backs Bid to Save Medieval Ship
Film star Sir Anthony Hopkins yesterday gave his backing to save a medieval ship found buried in a town centre in his native Wales. Hopkins, 64, said he was "delighted" the ship - which is older then the Mary Rose - is to become a tourist attraction.
Source: IC Wales       Date: 3 Sep 2002

Three-Year Delay in Restoing City's Historic Mill Site
The long-running saga of what to do with one of the jewels of Exeter's medieval heritage looks set to continue for at least another three years. Cricklepit Mill's original foundations are believed to have been laid in 1220 and the present structure close to the Quay dates from 1529.
Source: This is Exeter       Date: 3 Sep 2002

Sir Anthony Backs Ship Campaign
The fight to save a medieval ship - older than the Mary Rose - has attracted the attention of Hollywood star, Sir Anthony Hopkins. During the campaign to save the remains of the ship, discovered in the banks of the River Usk in Newport, the Welsh born actor wrote to a lecturer in archaeology to show his support.
Source: BBC News       Date: 2 Sep 2002

Cambay DNA May Solve Viking Mystery
Cambridge Bay elders are getting their DNA sampled to see if they're related to ancient Vikings. The DNA being collected is part of a study by an Icelandic scientist, trying to find out what happened to two large communities in Greenland that were abandoned 500 years ago.
Source: CBC North       Date: 30 Aug 2002

Doors Open to a Medieval Treasure
Visitors are welcoming new opportunities to see inside one of King's Lynn's most historic buildings... "It's a church of one time period. Most churches have had many additions over hundreds of years, whereas most of St Nicholas is of the period 1390-1410.
Source: EDP 24       Date: 27 Aug 2002

Did the Welsh Discover America?
A team of historians and researchers announced today that Radio Carbon dating evidence, and the discovery of ancient British style artefacts and inscriptions in the American Midwest, provide the strongest indications yet" that British explorers, under the Prince Madoc ap Meurig, arrived in the country during the 6th Century and set up colonies there.
Source: News Wales       Date: 26 Aug 2002

Turin Shroud Undergoes New Tests
New tests on the Shroud of Turin are being carried out this summer in a secret experiment in the Turin Cathedral's new sacristy.
Source: Discovery News       Date: 26 Aug 2002

£3m Pledge to Save Medieval Ship for Nation
The remains of a medieval ship has been saved from destruction after the Welsh Assembly agreed to provide up to £3 million to preserve it and put it on display.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 24 Aug 2002

Holy Land Park Adds Attraction
The Holy Land Experience, also called a "living biblical museum," has added to that distinction with the opening of The Scriptorium: Center for Biblical Anti-quities, park officials said. The Van Kampen collection, containing several thousand manuscripts, scrolls, and other religious artifacts has been moved from Grand Haven, Mich., to its new home on the two-acre site The Holy Land Experience had in its master-plan for the exhibit.
Source: Lake City Reporter       Date: 24 Aug 2002

Welsh Mary Rose Saved by Public Outcry
A medieval wooden ship dubbed the Welsh Mary Rose was saved from destruction yesterday, just days before building work would have buried it in concrete for ever.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 24 Aug 2002

Ancient Ship in £3.5m Rescue
A medieval ship older than the Mary Rose is to be saved and put on permanent display in south Wales. The Welsh Assembly has promised up to £3m for the 15th century ship to be lifted from its resting place in mud on the river front in Newport, south Wales and preserved as an historic tourist attraction.
Source: BBC News       Date: 23 Aug 2002

German Welcomes Assembly Grant for Medieval Ship
The Welsh Assembly government has guaranteed that a medieval ship found in Newport will be safeguarded for future generations. Local Welsh Liberal Democrat Assembly Member Mike German has welcomed this morning's announcement by Finance Minister Edwina Hart, that the mid-15th century ship will not be left in the mud as had been feared.
Source: News Wales       Date: 23 Aug 2002

Last Minute Reprieve for Mediaeval Ship
The Welsh Assembly Government will provide the necessary funding to save and display the Newport mediaeval ship for future posterity, Minister for Finance, Local Government and Communities Edwina Hart announced today (Friday, 23 August).
Source: News Wales       Date: 23 Aug 2002

Medieval Ship Saved From Destruction
Remains of a medieval ship older than the Mary Rose are to be saved from destruction by the Welsh Assembly and local councillors. Evidence of the oak-timbered ocean-going vessel was unearthed when construction started on an arts centre in Newport, south Wales, in June.
Source: BBC News       Date: 23 Aug 2002

Religious Relic is Still Shrouded in Mystery
A final attempt to prove whether the Turin shroud is genuine or not could end up damaging the artefact, experts have claimed. The Catholic church hopes to prove beyond any doubt that the shroud is the cloth in which Christ was wrapped after his crucifixion and not a medieval fake.
Source: This is Bristol       Date: 23 Aug 2002

Shrine to Have New Home in Ipswich
Ipswich's most famous religious shrines is to be remembered with a new permanent home. The Shrine of Our Lady of Grace, a modern successor to the medieval statue that attracted kings and queens to Ipswich, will be dedicated in a special ceremony at St Mary at the Elms later this month.
Source: Evening Star       Date: 23 Aug 2002

Back From the Dead: UK's New Language
Britain is about to get a new official language. It dates back to the 9th Century and is hundreds of years older than modern English. But there's one problem - which version to use?
Source: BBC News       Date: 22 Aug 2002

New Theory on Famous Battlefield Site
A historian is challenging the traditional location for one of Britain's most decisive battles. Michael Jones claims new documentary evidence shows the Battle of Bosworth took place several miles away from where it has been traditionally placed.
Source: BBC News       Date: 22 Aug 2002

Cooped Up Since the Middle Ages
A mummified hen is not something you would normally expect to find on your premises, but when Keith Andrews was renovating his Sussex manor house that is exactly what he discovered - tucked away in a six-foot void under the floorboards, which was filled with straw and artefacts. Mystified, he spoke to an archaeological society, which informed him that it was a medieval mivern, meant to encourage good spirits.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 21 Aug 2002

Flotilla Aims to Highlight Ship's Plight
A flotilla of small ships sailed up the river Usk in Newport to support the campaign to save a medieval ship discovered in the city. The remains of the 15th century ship were uncovered as work on the foundations of a new arts centre for the south Wales city began.
Source: BBC News       Date: 21 Aug 2002

Water Torture
A massive relief effort has been launched to save historic Jewish sites in Prague after severe flooding last week caused an estimated £2.5m worth of damage. Restoration work has already begun in the ancient ghetto, where many of the best-preserved treasures of medieval Jewish Europe, including a thirteenth century synagogue, were swamped as the River Vlatva reached its highest levels for 200 years.
Source: Totally Jewish       Date: 21 Aug 2002

Word is Out on Scots Dictionary
It is now a mere two days before the official launch of the long-awaited, complete Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (DOST). The monumental 12-volume set, which charts words in use on the east coast, the Lowlands, Orkney and Shetland islands between the 11th century and 1700, reveals that the word "tartan" comes from a French word "tiretaine", meaning a cloth made of two different kinds of material. The Scots adopted the word for the national plaid and the French went on to use it to identify a woman of ill-repute.
Source: The Scotsman       Date: 21 Aug 2002

Eight Days Left to Save Historic Ship
With only a few days left to determine the fate of the five hundred year old ship discovered during the excavations for Newport's new art centre, local campaigners are maintaining a round the clock' vigil to draw attention to the plight of the ship which has been internationally acclaimed by historians and maritime archaeologists as an international treasure.
Source: News Wales       Date: 20 Aug 2002

Italy Thwarts Basilica Attack Plot
Italian police arrested four Moroccans and an Italian who they say may have been planning to attack a Bologna basilica with a 15th-century fresco inside that depicts the Muslim prophet Muhammad in hell, being devoured by demons.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 20 Aug 2002

Plaid Cymru Campaigners Call to Save Ancient Ship
Plaid Cymru campaigners yesterday urged Culture Minister Jenny Randerson to do everything in her power to prevent the ancient ship discovered at Newport from disappearing back into the mists of time. Plaid AMs Jocelyn Davies and Helen Mary Jones, the party's shadow education minister, called for urgent action to preserve the remains of a late medieval ship unearthed in the city.
Source: ic Wales       Date: 20 Aug 2002

Spielberg Challenged Over King Arthur’s Roots
Two leading British historians are challenging film maker Steven Spielberg over the true origins of King Arthur. Alan Wilson and Baram Blackett, who are acknowledged as among the world’s leading experts on King Arthur, are angered by Spielberg’s plans to make a film on King Arthur set in Somerset. The pair argue that Arthur was Welsh.
Source: News Wales       Date: 20 Aug 2002

Prestigious Contract Puts Roof Experts on a Real High
Roofing specialists from Leicester are restoring one of the nation's most treasured cathedrals. Norman and Underwood, based in Freeschool Lane, have won a prestigious contract to restore a large section of the roof of the medieval Salisbury Cathedral.
Source: This is Leicestershire       Date: 19 Aug 2002

Soldiers' Spirits Never Flag During the Heat of Medieval Battle
As sun-worshippers stripped off to enjoy this weekend's heatwave, 200 soldiers donned up to five stones of tin armour to relive the Battle of Bosworth. Thousands of people flocked to Bosworth Battlefield visitor's centre, in Market Bosworth, as it staged a spectacular two day event.
Source: Leicester Mercury       Date: 19 Aug 2002

Joust For the Fun of It
Jens Nyboe sits astride a massive black horse named Lancelot. Nyboe's blond hair hangs loose around his shoulders. He's clad in medieval armour, holding a red and white lance in one hand.
Source: Calgary Herald       Date: 17 Aug 2002

Reliving the 1200's With Sweat, Muscle and No-Tech Tools
In a forest clearing near this remote village in Burgundy, three dozen men and women — myself included — are hard at work on an overcast July morning in the year 1231.
Source: NY Times       Date: 17 Aug 2002

Roads Authority Proposes Raising Motorway to Save Archeological Discoveries
The National Roads Authority (NRA) has proposed raising a section of the South Eastern Motorway to save the archeological discoveries at Carrickmines Castle. The authority also proposes dismantling part of the fortification where the motorway cannot be raised and reassembling the structure in an adjacent green area where it is suggested it could form part of an archeological heritage park.
Source: Irish Examiner       Date: 17 Aug 2002

'Robin Hood's Escape Tunnel Found'
Experts believe they've found a tunnel that allowed Robin Hood to escape from the Sheriff of Nottingham. The secret passageway found under the Galleries of Justice museum in Nottingham is eight feet below street level.
Source: Ananova       Date: 16 Aug 2002

Cloistered Worlds, Open Books: Medieval Manuscripts in Dialogue with Contemporary Art
Not an exhibition of neatly hung works, but a world in its own right into which visitors are allowed to stray. A world where the site of a monumental abbey, its magnificent medieval book collection and contemporary art come together organically. A world in which things are important not only as aesthetic objects, but also because of the insight they provide into medieval and contemporary man's understanding of himself and the world.
Source: AbsoluteArts.com       Date: 16 Aug 2002

Is This How Our Robin Escaped?
Archaeologists believe a tunnel discovered under a Nottingham tourist attraction could be Robin Hood's fabled escape route. Staff at the Galleries of Justice in High Pavement were amazed when they stumbled on the secret passageway eight feet below street level.
Source: Evening Post       Date: 16 Aug 2002

Email Campaign to Save Medieval Ship
The Council for British Archaeology and CBA Wales/Cymru the archaeology umbrella bodies for Britain and Wales have leant their weight to the growing campaign to save the medieval Newport ship.
Source: NewsWales       Date: 15 Aug 2002

Floody Hell
The oldest surviving synagogue in Europe is under threat this week from torrential floods sweeping through the Czech Republic capital Prague. The thirteenth century Alte-Neue shul, which lies at the heart of the medieval Jewish quarter of the Old City, was evacuated in the early hours of Wednesday morning as the river Vlatra reached its highest levels for 200 years.
Source: Totally Jewish       Date: 15 Aug 2002

Thousands View Medieval Ship
Thousands of people have turned out in Newport to see a medieval ship which has been discovered on a construction site. A viewing of the 15th Century timber remains - which archaeologist say could be more significant than Henry VIII's legendary Mary Rose - proved so popular it was extended until dusk.
Source: BBC News       Date: 15 Aug 2002

Burrowing Rabbits Dig Out Treasure, a 14th-century Stained Glass Window
Spend the summer on home improvements, knock down a wall or two and, bingo, a rare medieval glass window is unearthed. The plot is all too familiar to viewers of Antiques Roadshow. The difference this time is that the inadvertent treasure hunters were rabbits.
Source: Independent       Date: 14 Aug 2002

Campaign Mounts to Save Ship
Pressure is mounting to save the remains of a medieval ship discovered in a river bank in Newport. Council chiefs insist they do not have an estimated £2m to preserve the vessel.
Source: BBC News       Date: 14 Aug 2002

Flooding in Europe Threatens Landmarks
Raging floodwaters pushed the Vltava River to its highest levels in more than 100 years yesterday, threatening some of Europe's finest architectural treasures and driving tens of thousands of people from their homes.
Source: Washington Times       Date: 14 Aug 2002

Heritage Row Over 15th Century Ship Find
A row has broken out over the future of the oldest medieval ship yet discovered in the UK. The timbers from the 15th century ocean-going vessel were found during the construction of a theatre and arts centre in Newport, south Wales, in June and were unveiled in July.
Source: Ananova       Date: 14 Aug 2002

Medieval Mayhem at Field
Market Bosworth's huge crowd-pulling Battle of Bosworth event is due to take place this weekend. For two days the visitor's centre will be filled with the sights and sounds of medieval life to mark the anniversary of the famous fight between Richard III and Henry Tudor.
Source: Leicester Mercury       Date: 14 Aug 2002

Rabbits Bring Rare Ancient Glass to Light
Rabbits digging on Warwickshire farmland have kicked up a treasury of extremely rare hand painted medieval glass. Archaeologists are racing to excavate and conserve the glass, before the fragile decoration blackens and crumbles on exposure to air. Although the discovery was announced yesterday by English Heritage, the exact location remains secret as work continues.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 14 Aug 2002

Rabbits Unearth Rare Medieval Glass Window
Burrowing rabbits keen on home improvement were credited on Tuesday with the discovery of a rare medieval glass window. Archaeology experts said the rabbits had dug up large quantities of glass from the highly decorated window of a 14th century manor house as they refurbished their warren in central England.
Source: Independent Online       Date: 14 Aug 2002

UK's Medieval Ship Row
A row broke out today over the future of the oldest medieval ship yet discovered in the UK. The timbers from the 15th century ocean-going vessel were found during the construction of a theatre and arts centre in Newport, south Wales, in June and were unveiled in July.
Source: UTV       Date: 14 Aug 2002

14th Century Window on Burrowed Time
Rabbits have been credited with unearthing the remains of a rare glass window which once adorned a 14th century manor house.
Source: Ananova       Date: 13 Aug 2002

British Library Posts Medieval Art Treasure Online
The British Library has added the 15th Century Sherborne Missal to its digitised online catalogue. The lavishly decorated Missal details the order of service of the Catholic Church in medieval Britain.
Source: Ananova       Date: 13 Aug 2002

Mixed Message Over Bone Find
Archaeologists say an early experiment in sexual equality may have been uncovered at a 700-year-old burial ground. Workmen renovating a building society office in Marlborough High Street found bones dating back to the 14th Century.
Source: BBC News       Date: 13 Aug 2002

Rabbits Unearth Historic Find
Heritage experts say burrowing rabbits have helped them dig up an important find. The animals have unearthed the remains of a rare glass window which once adorned a 14th Century manor house at a secret location in Warwickshire.
Source: BBC News       Date: 13 Aug 2002

£15m Medieval Book Goes Online
Internet users can examine one of the UK's most valuable medieval books by virtually turning the pages and zooming in on details after it was put online. The 800-year-old Sherborne Missal, worth £15m, has been put on the internet using new technology that allows people to study it without it being handled.
Source: BBC News       Date: 12 Aug 2002

Better Ways to Improve Our Heritage
Sir, The solutions suggested by Simon Jenkins for improving Stonehenge and for enlivening other English Heritage ruins (Comment, August 2) sound dangerously like the creation of “heritage experiences”.
Source: The Times       Date: 10 Aug 2002

Date of the Renaissance in Wales is Pushed Back
Claims that Wales used to consist of no more than a benighted rural community which knew nothing about art have been strongly rejected by the country's leading art historian.
Source: IC Wales       Date: 10 Aug 2002

1066 Picture Back in Battle Abbey After 140 Years
A huge painting discovered beneath the floorboards of a museum was returned to its rightful home yesterday after 140 years. The restored 27ft by 17ft painting of the Battle of Hastings was hung at Battle Abbey School, in Battle, East Sussex.
Source: Electric Telegraph       Date: 9 Aug 2002

Archaeologists Fight to Save Medieval Vessel
A storm of protest is rising over the probable fate of a medieval ship found preserved in the muddy bank of the river Usk in Newport, south Wales. The next month could be more dangerous for the ship than the past 500 years. The local museum has neither the resources nor the space to excavate, preserve and display the ship and no other museum has expressed an interest in it.
Source: Guardian Unlimited Education       Date: 9 Aug 2002

Fight to Save Medieval Ship
The remains of a medieval ship discovered during building work could prove to be more important than the Tudor warship the Mary Rose, according to a senior archaeologist. The 15th century ship was uncovered during excavation work to build an arts centre in Newport.
Source: BBC News       Date: 9 Aug 2002

Save Our Ship
Sir, The remains of the medieval ship unearthed on a building site in Newport are far more impressive than your report (August 7; see also letter, August 8) suggested. The hull of the ship is largely intact and its sheer size and solid timbers make it a fascinating, unique legacy.
Source: The Times       Date: 9 Aug 2002

Cadw to Finance Newport Ship Dig
Welsh Historic Monuments – Cadw – today (Wednesday, 7 August, 2002) announced funding to support the excavation and post-excavation work on the mediaeval ship uncovered on the site of Newport’s new theatre and arts centre.
Source: News Wales       Date: 8 Aug 2002

Medieval Ship to be Abandoned
The remains of a medieval ship are to be abandoned on the riverbed where they were found so building work on a new arts centre can be completed.
Source: Ananova       Date: 7 Aug 2002

Satellite Unearths Pre-historic Site
Archeologists have uncovered exciting new evidence of a pre-historic settlement at a castle in Northumberland. They were carrying out a survey for English Heritage using satellite technology at Norham Castle when the discovery was made.
Source: BBC News       Date: 7 Aug 2002

Prehistoric Burial Ground Discovered
A prehistoric burial ground has been found at the site of a lost abbey in Cheshire. Cremated fragments of human bone believed to date back up to 4,000 years have been excavated in the hamlet of Poulton near Chester.
Source: Ananova       Date: 6 Aug 2002

The Bells Finally Toll for Villagers
For nearly a century, the bells of St John of Beverely have stood silent. But the peace and quiet of Scarrington in the Vale of Belvoir has now been shattered by the sound of medieval bells - and the 160 villagers could not be happier!
Source: This is Notthingham       Date: 6 Aug 2002

Historic Castle for Sale in 'Magical Spot'
One of Cumbria's most famous castles is for sale to anyone with £2m to spare. Appleby Castle is on the market complete with walled gardens, a Norman keep, two gatehouse lodges, five cottages, a flat, garaging, offices and fishing rights on the River Eden.
Source: BBC News       Date: 5 Aug 2002

Castle Ruins 'Rescued' by Council
The ruins of a 12th Century castle are to be bought by a council after the authority used its statutory powers to force a sale. A compulsory purchase order - which allows councils to make land owners sell their property if it is in the public interest - has been placed on Cardigan Castle.
Source: BBC News       Date: 1 Aug 2002

Improvement Plans for Stonehenge
A £57 million scheme to improve access to Stonehenge and build a new visitor centre has been announced by English Heritage.
Source: Ananova       Date: 31 Jul 2002

Medieval Celebration of Jubilee
A medieval celebration to mark the Queen's Golden Jubilee will be staged this weekend in Thetford Forest. It will be the first event to be hosted in the forest's newly-refurbished High Lodge centre, with a royal banquet on Friday August 2 and a family day on Sunday August 4.
Source: EDP24       Date: 31 Jul 2002

Fresh Doubt Over America Map
More doubt has been cast over a supposedly medieval map of America drawn up prior to the voyage of Christopher Columbus. Many scientists believe the so-called Vinland Map, owned by Yale University and valued at $20m, is in fact a 20th Century fake.
Source: BBC News       Date: 30 Jul 2002

Priceless Archives on the Move
More than 11.5 million public documents, some dating back to medieval times, are to be moved across Norwich. Access to the public records will be restricted while the priceless collection is moved from the Norfolk Record Office in Gildengate House, Anglia Square, to the new archive centre at County Hall.
Source: Evening News24       Date: 30 Jul 2002

Scientists Disagree Over Viking Map
More doubt has been cast over a supposedly medieval map of America drawn up prior to the voyage of Christopher Columbus. Many scientists believe the so-called Vinland Map, owned by Yale University and valued at $20m, is in fact a 20th Century fake.
Source: BBC News       Date: 30 Jul 2002

Seventh Running of the 'Knight's Castle' Festival Wrapped Up at Vyborg Castle
The festival brings together enthusiasts of medieval history to recreate the atmosphere of the middle ages in an authentic setting. Participants in the festival came from historical clubs across Russia. The participants had all themselves made the weapons and armor that was used, following historical techniques.
Source: St. Petersburg (Russia) Times       Date: 30 Jul 2002

Slingshot a Sure-Fire Way to Liven Up Science Class
Secondary school pupils are being taught to craft medieval-style slingshots in a bid to boost their interest in science and technology. Teenagers from East and West Lothian are constructing "trebuchets" before competing to see how far they can shoot.
Source: Edinburgh News       Date: 30 Jul 2002

Battle Over Yale's Vinland Map
Two new studies add fresh fuel to a decades-old debate about whether a parchment map of the Vikings' travels to the New World, purportedly drawn by a 15th century scribe, is authentic or a clever 20th century forgery.
Source: CNN       Date: 29 Jul 2002

History Holds Clues to AIDS Impact on Africa
Infectious diseases shaped the course of European history, shaking the foundations of imperial Rome and bringing the medieval world to its knees. They continue their grim march through the ages, with HIV/AIDS reaping death and despair on a vast scale in Africa.
Source: Miami Herald       Date: 29 Jul 2002

Scientists Determine Age of New World Map
Scientists from the University of Arizona, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, and the Smithsonian Institution have used carbon-dating technology to determine the age of a controversial parchment that might be the first-ever map of North America. In a paper to be published in the August 2002 issue of the journal Radiocarbon, the scientists conclude that the so-called “Vinland Map” parchment dates to approximately 1434 A.D., or nearly 60 years before Christopher Columbus set foot in the West Indies.
Source: Brookhaven National Laboratory       Date: 29 Jul 2002

Studies at Odds on Map Authenticity
Two new studies add fresh fuel to a decades-old debate about whether a parchment map of the Vikings' travels to the New World, purportedly drawn by a 15th century scribe, is authentic or a clever 20th century forgery.
Source: Washington Post       Date: 29 Jul 2002

The Vinland Map Shows its True Colors; Scientists Say it's a Confirmed Forgery
For the first time in the controversial saga of the famous Vinland Map, scientists say they have shown with certainty that the supposed relic is actually a 20th-century forgery. The findings are reported in the July 31 print issue of Analytical Chemistry, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Chemical Society, the world’s largest scientific society.
Source: American Chemical Society News Service       Date: 29 Jul 2002

Vinland Map: Is it a Treasure or a Forgery?
A 15th-century document? Or a 20th-century forgery? New studies of a parchment map at Yale University are giving both sides fresh evidence in a decades-old debate.
Source: MSNBC       Date: 29 Jul 2002

Ancient Chess History Unearthed
A team of British archaeologists has unearthed evidence suggesting that Europeans were playing chess as early as the sixth century. An ivory chess piece, excavated at a Byzantine palace in what is now southern Albania, is more than 500 years older than any previously discovered.
Source: BBC News       Date: 27 Jul 2002

Steven Segal to Shoot Film about Chinggis Khan
Hollywood actor Steven Segal is to shoot a film about the founding father of the Golden Horde, medieval Mongolian conqueror Chinggis Khan on the basis of historical facts.
Source: Pravda       Date: 27 Jul 2002

Ancient Times and Medieval Commerce
Trade across the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden probably dates back to the dawn of history, and, being governed by the largely unchanging facts of geography, maintained a remarkable degree of continuity over the centuries.
Source: Addis Tribune (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)       Date: 26 Jul 2002

Church Wants To Rebury Skeletons
A vicar in eastern England is trying to raise money for ``a proper Christian reburial'' of 662 skeletons of local parishioners who died between the eighth and 10th centuries.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 26 Jul 2002

Europe's Oldest Chessman
Archeologists in Albania have found what appears to be Europe's oldest chessman, suggesting the game was played on the continent at least 500 years earlier than previously thought, a British professor says.
Source: Reuters       Date: 26 Jul 2002

Hard Rock Goes Medieval
An Estonian record company has released an album of Black Sabbath songs played by a quintet specializing in music from the Middle Ages and with the lyrics in the main literary language of that era, Latin.
Source: CBS News       Date: 26 Jul 2002

Cathedral is Best Sight in Land
The "quintessentially English" setting of Britain's tallest cathedral has been decreed the best view in the land. With its 404ft steeple, the image of the medieval Salisbury Cathedral in Wiltshire, surrounded by lush meadows, was picked out as the winner by a panel of judges, including the Newsnight presenter Jeremy Paxman and the writer Joanna Trollope, in a Country Life magazine competition.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 25 Jul 2002

MPs Fight Over Origins of King Arthur
A Welsh MP has fired the latest salvo in a battle of words in the House of Commons about the origins of the legendary King Arthur. Martyn Jones, MP for Clwyd South, has pitched into the argument with his claim that Arthur has connections with the Vale of Llangollen in North Wales and not Tintagel in Cornwall or Glastonbury in Somerset. He backs up his claims with the help of a recently published book on the subject.
Source: News Wales       Date: 25 Jul 2002

No-Hassle Castles
For centuries the only way to spend a night in a castle was to inherit it or ransack it. These days entrée is much easier--not to mention more democratic. All you need is a credit card and a telephone.
Source: Forbes       Date: 25 Jul 2002

Religious Tolerance Before it was Hip
Bringing to life a time and place largely overlooked in Western histories, "The Ornament of the World" describes an era in medieval Spain from 750 to 1492 when the three monotheistic faiths clashed, intermingled, and produced a rich, tolerant culture.
Source: Christian Science Monitor       Date: 25 Jul 2002

Arthurian Experts Return to the Home of the Legend
Experts on the Arthurian legends are gathering at Bangor University to discuss the famous saga. The university is hosting 300 Arthurian literary critics from around the globe this week. Bangor's Professor Peter Field, an Arthurian literature specialist at the university's English department, believes the location of the meeting is fitting because the earliest document mentioning Arthur was probably written in North Wales.
Source: IC Wales       Date: 24 Jul 2002

Old Roses Bring Fresh Scent
The bright pink Apothecary's roses blooming in the front yard of Karen Schweitzer's Bozeman home are the same flowers that created a great rose industry in France in the 12th and 13th centuries.
Source: Bozeman Chronicle       Date: 24 Jul 2002

Vicar Launches Adopt-A-Skeleton Scheme
A vicar is asking his parishioners to adopt hundreds of human skeletons at £10 a time. The Rev Chris Boulton wants to raise money so the remains of 670 Saxons dug up after builders uncovered an ancient burial site can be given a Christian burial.
Source: Ananova       Date: 24 Jul 2002

Botanists Probe Medieval Medicine
13th-century folklore inspires 21st-century research scheme. Researchers in Wales are following the lead of medieval medics in the hope of finding new drugs. A project will begin later this year at the country's National Botanic Garden to explore the work of a medical dynasty, the Physicians of Myddfai.
Source: Nature       Date: 22 Jul 2002

Cornish Language 'To Be Recognised'
The government is set to officially recognise the Cornish language for the first time, an MP has claimed. Andrew George, the MP for St Ives, said he expected Local Government Minister Nick Raynsford to make an announcement to Parliament by the end of July.
Source: BBC News       Date: 22 Jul 2002

Pharmacists Investigate 15th-century Remedy Book for New Medicines
A 600-year-old book of herbal remedies could prove a vital ingredient in the development of modern medicines. The Red Book of Hergest describes 500 plant remedies used by a group of 15th century Welsh physicians.
Source: Ananova       Date: 22 Jul 2002

Next, Ozzy Will Yell at Sharon in Latin
Come All Ye: "Sabbatum" is a tribute album to the perennial metal band Black Sabbath, but there's a twist. The 12 songs are sung in Latin, with medieval arrangements.
Source: LA Times       Date: 21 Jul 2002

Battle to Save Rare Books
They survived 600 years including changes of royal dynasty, two world wars, flash floods and one of the worst storms in living memory. Now rare medieval books in one of the most famous country-hall libraries in England have been damaged by a suspected leaky fire hose.
Source: EDP24       Date: 20 Jul 2002

Medieval Find Causes Problems on Michael's Manor
Shocked landowner Michael Craig unearthed more than he bargained for when he bought a parcel of land for his dream home - the possible ruins of a medieval manor. The remains, thought to date back more than 600 years, were only discovered when builders started work on a four-bedroom bungalow for Mr Craig and his family.
Source: Hull Daily Mail       Date: 20 Jul 2002

That's Not Medieval. It's Milton
A wooded grove near Milton has been turned into Trillingham, England -- a recreated 16th-century Tudor village -- for seven weekends of "mirth, magic and merriment." The village is the setting for the Ontario Renaissance Festival, a theme park and theatre of sorts, where visitors are taken back 441 years.
Source: National Post       Date: 20 Jul 2002

Gaelic Not the Oldest Language
Since the Erse-speaking raiders from Ireland that the Romans called the Scottii also settled in what is now the Isle of Man, Lancashire and South Wales, Ranald MacDonald’s assertion that one of that language’s derivatives, Scottish Gaelic, is endemic to all of Scotland is mistaken (July 11).
Source: Edinburgh Evening News       Date: 18 Jul 2002

For Sale: Ruined Castle
Househunters in Herefordshire are being offered the chance to buy a property as rich in history as it is poor in mod cons. Clifford Castle, ruined since being attacked by Owain Glyndwr in 1402, is in the grounds of a 1920s house now on the market for £425,000.
Source: BBC News       Date: 16 Jul 2002

Battle Brings Out a Horde
More than 15,000 people stepped back in time at the 18th Tewkesbury Medieval Festival. Around 1,500 people took part in the re-enactment of the 1471 Battle of Tewkesbury.
Source: Gloucestershire Echo       Date: 15 Jul 2002

Email Security Filter Spawns New Words
Hundreds of websites have been found to contain bizarre new words thanks to an email security filter used by US internet company Yahoo!... But as well as protecting Yahoo! users, this has led to the widespread appearance of mystery words. The UK internet site NTK recently found that 640 different web sites contain the word "medireview", in place of "medieval". These include historical sites, book reviews, other articles and CVs. Some people have posted questions to mailing lists asking where this new word came from.
Source: New Scientist       Date: 15 Jul 2002

Rare 1460s Gold 'Angel' Coins Unearthed in London
Archaeologists in London have unearthed a stash of rare 15th Century golden coins thought to ward off bad luck and evil spirits. It's thought the seven 'angel' coins were issued in the 1460s during the reign of Edward IV.
Source: Ananova       Date: 15 Jul 2002

Tudor 'Angel' Coins Found Under Priory
A rare hoard of golden "angel" coins treasured by Tudors for their ability to ward off evil has been unearthed in the grounds of a medieval hospital and priory.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 15 Jul 2002

'Henry V' in the Age of Bush and Giuliani
On Sept. 20, political commentator David Gergen summed up the significance of President Bush's stirring antiterrorism speech before a joint session of Congress. ''This was the night that George W. Bush took command as a leader,'' Gergen told Chris Matthews on ''Hardball,'' ''the night Prince Hal became Henry V.''
Source: Boston Globe       Date: 14 Jul 2002

'Medieval Ship' Found in City River
The remains of a 17th century ship have been unearthed on a city river front. Timbers from the ocean going vessel, estimated to be more than 25 metres in length, was discovered during the construction of a theatre and arts centre in Newport, south Wales.
Source: Ananova       Date: 11 Jul 2002

Medieval Skeletons Uncovered
Three skeletons dating back at least to the 14th century have been discovered in the town centre of Malmesbury. The skeletons, were found on a building site near the old medieval abbey, on what experts believe was probably a burial ground.
Source: BBC News       Date: 11 Jul 2002

Tracking Down 1000AD Homes
City archaeologists have been called in to comb through Victorian vaults under Waverley Station ahead of work beginning on a £400 million facelift. The teams hope to uncover the remains of medieval houses from as far back as 1000AD beneath the vaults. Remains such as pits, trenches and post-holes could give a key insight into medieval life.
Source: Edinburgh Evening News       Date: 11 Jul 2002

Ancient Symbol of City Revealed
It was the ancient symbol of Edinburgh, and was raised whenever the city’s tradesmen were called upon to defend the king. According to legend, the Blue Blanket banner was first flown from the walls of Jerusalem by Edinburgh crusaders in the 12th century.
Source: Edinburgh Evening News       Date: 10 Jul 2002

Historic Buildings 'Crumbling Away'
Seven historic buildings in Coventry still remain threatened by ruin or decay according to a report.
Source: ICCoventry       Date: 10 Jul 2002

Footprints Reveal Viking Life
Archaeologists digging in southeast Norway have uncovered for the first time five Viking footprints, a discovery that might turn the site of Kaupang, not far from Oslo, into a sort of Pompeii of the Viking Age.
Source: Discovery News       Date: 9 Jul 2002

Farmer Warned Police of Treasure Hunters
A sharp-eyed Norfolk farmer yesterday told a jury how he alerted police after he stumbled on three treasure hunters from Essex using metal detectors on his land in the dead of night.
Source: EDP24       Date: 8 Jul 2002

British Academy Honours Two St Andrews Professors
Two St Andrews University professors have been elected fellows of the British Academy. Professor Paul Magdalino, from the medieval history department, and Professor Jonathan Thomas, from the economics department, are two of 35 fellows to be elected throughout the UK.
Source: The Courier       Date: 6 Jul 2002

A Day-Trip to Channel Your Inner Monk
Græsted's 12th century Cistercian monastery, Esrum Kloster, offers North Sjælland-style sanctity from the bustle of Copenhagen city life less than one hour away. One of the true gems of North Sjælland lies less than one hour away by car, in the rolling landscape near Græsted. The remains of the main brick building are distinctive enough that the 21st century tourist can well imagine how its imposing pastoral architecture beckoned the penitent pilgrim of the 12th century. And yet, the Esrum Monastery retains a certain holy mystery.
Source: The Copenhagen Post       Date: 5 Jul 2002

Maritime Museum Studies Site of 14th Century Shipwreck
The Maritime Museum of Finland has begun investigations into a shipwreck in the outer islands of Nauvo in Finland's southwest archipelago. The ship and its cargo are believed to date back to the 14th century. The find is interesting from a scientific point of view, because it offers historians new information on medieval trade routes, ships, and cargo.
Source: Helsingin Sanomat       Date: 3 Jul 2002

Did the Dutch Invent Golf?
The Dutch may have played golf before the Scots, according to new research that claims the game originated in Holland instead of Scotland, where many have theorized the game began.
Source: Discovery News       Date: 2 Jul 2002

Wales to Fight French in Battle Re-enactment
Welsh hero Owain Glyndwr will this weekend enter battle with Norman Lords at Cardiff Castle. In a unique event, organised by The Retinue Welsh re-enactment society and Cardiff University Norman Society, visitors get the chance to travel back in time to 1081 when the Norman Lords arrived in South Wales and to 1400 when Owain Glyndwr reigned over many parts of Wales.
Source: NewsWales       Date: 2 Jul 2002

Dracula Park Plan 'Undead'
Romania said on Monday it was going ahead with a Dracula theme park in Transylvania despite opposition from groups worried that its kitsch attractions will be out of keeping with the medieval surrounds.
Source: Reuters       Date: 1 Jul 2002

Genes Show Welsh are the True Britons
Scientists say they have discovered big genetic differences between the English and Welsh, reinforcing the idea that the "true" Britons were pushed to the fringes by a large-scale Anglo-Saxon invasion.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 1 Jul 2002

Villagers Celebrate Church Restoration
A special ceremony was held to celebrate completion of a £60,000 restoration programme to save a village church from collapse.
Source: Evening Telegraph       Date: 1 Jul 2002

English and Welsh are Races Apart
Gene scientists claim to have found proof that the Welsh are the "true" Britons. The research supports the idea that Celtic Britain underwent a form of ethnic cleansing by Anglo-Saxons invaders following the Roman withdrawal in the fifth century.
Source: BBC News       Date: 30 Jun 2002

Fleas 'Unfairly Blamed' for Black Death
For hundreds of years, they have been depicted as harbingers of death – carriers of a disease that decimated large swaths of medieval Europe. But now a new book will attempt to exonerate rats and fleas of responsibility for spreading the Black Death.
Source: Independent.co.uk       Date: 30 Jun 2002

Russia Returns Medieval Stained Glass Windows to Frankfurt
Medieval stained glass windows from the Marienkierche (Church of Holy Mary) in Frankfurt on the Oder that were removed and taken to the former Soviet Union after World War II were returned to that east German city on Saturday.
Source: IRNA       Date: 30 Jun 2002

Bronze Age Burial Pit Unearthed by Students in Longford
An archaeological dig in Longford may have unearthed the remains of a medieval settlement but its significance will not be known without further examination. A group of students from National University of Ireland, Galway and colleagues from Gainsville University in Florida have already confirmed there is a Bronze Age burial pit at the site near the town of Granard.
Source: Irish Examiner       Date: 29 Jun 2002

Dracula Theme Park Plan Bites the Dust
Romania has dropped plans to build a massive Dracula theme park in the heart of Transylvania after protests from environmentalists and Prince Charles.
Source: The Guardian       Date: 29 Jun 2002

Gothic Rises Again -- and So Do Prices
This may be the time for you to "go Gothic." After all, this is the era of two- and three-story ceilings, which is what it often takes for a towering, 10-foot-high, 19th-century Gothic-revival buffet. When such pieces appear at a Red Baron auction in Atlanta -- complete with church-type spires -- prices can start at $25,000.
Source: The Charlotte Observer       Date: 29 Jun 2002

Ancient Book Lists Foods Fit for a King
Chopped sparrow, roast swan, poached pike, conger eel, porpoise and lamprey: If it walked, swam or flew, the English medieval nobility ate it — usually with a dash of cinnamon, ginger or cloves — according to an ancient cookbook released to the public Thursday.
Source: MSNBC       Date: 28 Jun 2002

When Antelope and Swans were Dishes of the Day
Xanthe Clay, Cookery Correspondent, picks her way through a banquet fit for a king. The Coronation banquet for Henry V was a feast for the eyes as much as for the stomach. Each of three multi-dish courses had a centrepiece so spectacular that four and 20 blackbirds singing in a pie seems, frankly, pedestrian.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 27 Jun 2002

Earliest English Cookbook Rediscovered
A cookbook thought to be the earliest printed in English has been unearthed at the Marquis of Bath's ancestral seat. It dates from 1500 and includes recipes for the likes of chopped sparrow and roasted swan.
Source: Ananova       Date: 27 Jun 2002

How to Feed a King - First, Splatte Your Pyke
Chopped sparrow and roasted swan may not be today's idea of sophisticated or even acceptable cuisine, but there was a time when such dishes delighted the palates of English aristocracy.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 27 Jun 2002

'Islamic Plot' to Destroy Cathedral Fresco
Islamic terrorists linked to al-Qa'eda plotted to destroy Bologna's 14th century cathedral because it contained a medieval fresco depicting the Prophet Mohammed in hell.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 24 Jun 2002

Digging Up a Rich History
If you were rich and Norman, medieval Leicester was not the safest place to be. Those Anglo Saxons had an axe to grind after William the Conqueror's lot cut a swathe through England. The best you could do without the benefit of hi-tech alarm systems or High Street banks was stash your valuables in a vault beneath the ground.
Source: This is Leicestershire       Date: 24 Jun 2002

Here Come the Knights
History can be very confusing. Dangerously so in the case of the small group of people wearing white robes with a big red cross on the front who will arrive today at the site of the Battle of Bannockburn, carrying wreaths. For the "See You Jimmy" brigade, a red cross on white clobber means only one thing - especially so during the past month - and the appearance of such a group on this significant anniversary could be seriously misconstrued.
Source: The Scotsman       Date: 24 Jun 2002

On the Trail of Town History
Tourism chiefs have welcomed plans for a medieval town trail in Beverley, which they say will attract visitors to the region.
Source: Hull Daily Mail       Date: 24 Jun 2002

Pages Offer a Peek at 509-year-old Book
Members of the public will be able to see several pages of the 509-year-old Nuremberg Chronicle at its presentation to the Perrot Memorial Library at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday.
Source: Greenwich Time       Date: 24 Jun 2002

Beavers are Back After 800 Years
Beavers have been reintroduced to Britain more than 800 years after they were hunted to extinction.
Source: ThePeople.com       Date: 23 Jun 2002

Knights, Swordplay at Medieval-style Fair
Age of chivalry comes alive in Bridgeport Jousts, sword duels at Renaissance Faire.
Source: Connecticut Post       Date: 23 Jun 2002

Henry 'stamped out Industrial Revolution'
The turbulent love life of Henry VIII, which led to the Reformation and dissolution of the monasteries, may also have postponed the industrial revolution by 200 years. Archaeologists have found evidence that the Cistercian monks of Rievaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, were developing a prototype blast furnace for the large-scale production of cast iron when they were evicted by the king in 1538.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 21 Jun 2002

Exhibition of Medieval Bells Opens in Veliky Novgorod
An exhibition of medieval church bells opens in Veliky Novgorod on Friday, it was reported by the Novgorod state joint museum and reserve. Fourteen ancient bells will be on display at the permanent display on the first floor of the Novgorod Kremlin's Sofia belfry.
Source: Pravda       Date: 21 Jun 2002

Professor R. H. Hilton
Marxist historian who saw the importance of medieval class conflict as a generator of social change.
Source: The Times       Date: 21 Jun 2002

Workmen Find Remains of 800-Year-Old Cyprus Palace
Workmen breaking ground for a new town hall stumbled across what are believed to be the 800-year-old remains of a medieval Lusignan palace in Cyprus whose exact whereabouts were a mystery for centuries.
Source: SiliconValley.com       Date: 21 Jun 2002

Parents May Appeal over Results
Angry Shropshire parents may launch an appeal against their childrens' grades after a mix-up saw thousands of students sit the wrong GCSE history paper. Editor's note: I loved this quote: One student who sat the paper said: "I could not think straight and it took me a while to switch to medieval. I do not think I did too badly but not as well as I would have done on Anglo-Saxon."
Source: Shropshire Star       Date: 20 Jun 2002

Poetry and Propaganda in Medieval Wales
The latest research project at the University of Wales, Bangor's Welsh Department could throw new light on the role of poetry in the Owain Glyndwr rebellion.
Source: News Wales       Date: 20 Jun 2002

City news
The hunt is on for a team of specialist picture restorers to work together on revealing a medieval Doom painting which has been hidden in a Coventry church for more than 140 years.
Source: IC Coventry       Date: 19 Jun 2002

Pupils Stunned by Blunder in Exam
Telford schoolchildren turned over their GCSE history papers to find the questions were about a period centuries after the one they had been studying. Dumbfounded teachers opened the exam packs to discover that instead of questions on Anglo-Saxon crime and punishment their pupils were to write about the role of the church in medieval justice.
Source: Shropshire Star       Date: 19 Jun 2002

On the Trail of Heritage
The small hamlet on the banks of the River Sowe where pilgrims in the Middle Ages rested before travelling on to Coventry will be marked on a new local heritage trail, thanks to an Awards For All lottery grant.
Source: ICCoventry       Date: 18 Jun 2002

Secret Passage Used to Strip French Abbey of Rare Books
The discovery of a secret passage has explained how hundreds of priceless medieval books and illuminated manuscripts vanished from a monastery in eastern France in the past two years.
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 18 Jun 2002

Jousting Remains Alive and Well in Maryland
"I can't sleep knowing there's a tournament and I might not be going to it," says Sandy Izer, 45, of Williamsport, Maryland. Ms. Izer loves to joust. Unlike knights of old, though, she doesn't thunder across a field hoping to unhorse her opponent. Modern jousters gallop down a track through 3 wooden arches. Hanging from each arch is a small ring. Jousters try to spear those 3 rings with their lance. Ms. Izer says it's difficult and dangerous.
Source: VOA News       Date: 18 Jun 2002

Racing Bulldozers To Preserve Archaeological Secrets
As dam construction threatens to flood the Tigris River Valley in Turkey, University of Utah archaeologist Bradley J. Parker is racing time as he works to unearth secrets buried at Kenan Tepe.
Source: UniSci       Date: 18 Jun 2002

Restoring the Legacy of Muslim Spain
Many people believe that Jews and Muslims have been enemies throughout history. But some Muslim, Jewish and Christian scholars are looking to the past to show that this has not always been so. These scholars point to Muslim Spain in the Middle Ages where, they say, members of all three faiths got along.
Source: VOA News       Date: 18 Jun 2002

Wales's Finest Hour, 600 Years On
The English prefer to forget the Battle of Pilleth, but not the Welsh, says Byron Rogers Next weekend, on the Welsh Borders near Knighton, there will be a two-day medieval fair, with falconry and a bouncy castle. This, it is hoped, will raise some of the £375,000 needed to repair a church roof. And it is the stuff of a country summer, is it not? Except it isn't. Six hundred years ago, to the day, there was a battle . . .
Source: Electronic Telegraph       Date: 17 Jun 2002

Dracula Park Criticized
Tourism officials rejected criticism Friday that construction of a Dracula theme park in Transylvania threatens a nearby medieval citadel.
Source: Chicago Sun-Times       Date: 15 Jun 2002

Phyllis Bober, Art Historian, Dies at 81
Phyllis Bober, a professor emerita at Bryn Mawr College who specialized in Renaissance art, died May 30 at her home. She was 81.
Source: Ledger-Enquirer       Date: 15 Jun 2002

Rodney Hilton, Marxist Historian, 85, Dies
Rodney Howard Hilton, an influential British Marxist historian who was an expert on medieval social history, died on Friday at his home in Birmingham, England. He was 85.
Source: New York Times       Date: 13 Jun 2002

Anger After Moat Plan is Blocked
People in a small north Shropshire village are angry that they have been prevented from cleaning up a "foul" piece of wasteland - because English Heritage is worried about disturbing medieval silt levels.
Source: Shropshire Star       Date: 12 Jun 2002

Rare Books Returned to Poland
Germany has returned 18 rare books stolen from Poland's most prestigious library, including a 15th-century issue valued at over half a million dollars. The works are among 94 books discovered missing in April 1999 from the 600-year-old Jagiellonian Library in Krakow. The scandal shocked Poland and undermined the library's reputation.
Source: Miami.com       Date: 12 Jun 2002

Castle Plan to Boost Tourism
A £1m castle restoration project in Wales's oldest town is underway. Tenders have been received to restore Carmarthen Castle and work will start next month and take six months to complete.
Source: BBC News       Date: 10 Jun 2002

Medieval Treasures are Tipped to Raise Millions
A collection of 15th century books and manuscripts once owned by a former High Sheriff of Northamptonshire is to go under the hammer at auction next week.
Source: Northampton Chronicle       Date: 10 Jun 2002

Crusades of History and Politics
In the wake of September 11, the medieval Christian Crusades have become breaking news—even appearing on the covers of national magazines such as U.S. News and World Report and National Review. Unfortunately, they remain poorly understood by most people today. Hundreds of books have been written on the Crusades in the last fifty years, but many only add to the confusion. I offer, then, a list that, in my judgment, collects some of the best and worst of the lot. (I will leave it to others to decide where my own books should fall.)
Source: Hudson Institute       Date: 9 Jun 2002

Greek Astronomy and the Medieval Arabic Tradition
Islamic scholars of the Middle Ages are often credited with preserving the scientific writings of Antiquity through the Dark Ages of Europe. In the traditional view, the Islamic scholars were seen as mere middlemen—faithfully translating and preserving the ancient texts of Greek astronomy, philosophy and medicine, until such time as Europe would reawaken from its darkness, pick up the books, and once again carry the light.
Source: American Scientist       Date: 5 Jun 2002

Visitors are Taken Back to the 15th Century
Richard III's soldiers were on patrol and the King's archers flexed their bows. But this was was not an attack by a rampaging medieval army invasion. Instead, visitors at Farleigh Hungerford Castle were witnessing a skilled 15th century reenactment by touring performers.
Source: The Bath Chronicle       Date: 5 Jun 2002

Catapults and Cantaloupes
The 14 students in Ken Waber's physics class at Aberdeen High School designed a "trebuchet" catapult that can hurl a cantaloupe up to 400 yards. In theory.
Source: The Daily World       Date: 4 Jun 2002

Crowds Awestruck by Exhibit
Medieval Frescoes, long hidden from view of the general public, once again tell the old, old story — for the masses of the modern age.
Source: Lubbock Online       Date: 3 Jun 2002

Lubbock Displays Vatican Frescoes
The frescoes in a rare exhibit on loan to Texas Tech University from the Vatican Museums have never been seen as they will be during their stay in West Texas. The 31 frescoes -- which have never been viewed together and have never left Europe -- will be in Lubbock through Sept. 15. After the showing, they'll be returned to the Vatican and won't be displayed again until 2025.
Source: Houston Chronicle       Date: 2 Jun 2002

Challenge to Turin Shroud Fake Theory
The Turin Shroud may not be a fake, scientists claimed today after new evidence dated it to the time of Christ.
Source: Edinburgh News       Date: 1 Jun 2002

Ancient Manuscripts Found In Egyptian Monastery
A cache of manuscripts up to 1,500 years old has been discovered in a Coptic monastery in the Western Desert of Egypt. The find was made at Deir al-Surian, the Monastery of the Syrians, which already has one of the richest ancient libraries in Christendom. Set in the desert sands and virtually cut off from the outside world until recently, Deir al-Surian traces its roots back to the earliest period of Christian monasticism. Established in the 6th century, it was soon occupied by monks from Syria and Mesopotamia and is currently home to 200 Egyptian Copts.
Source: Forbes       Date: 29 May 2002

Michael Camille, Historian of Medieval Art, Dies at 44
Michael Camille, an influential and provocative scholar of medieval art at the University of Chicago, died on April 29. He was 44.
Source: New York Times       Date: 27 May 2002

The Call of the Loom: In N.Y., Tapestries Threaded With Grandeur
Lesson 1 taught to every Renaissance art historian: The paintings that we think are hot stuff now were once the art world's poor relations. Five hundred years ago, the really big money went for precious metalwork, ornate carving -- in the original contract, the gilt framing for Leonardo's "Virgin of the Rocks" got more attention than the picture set inside it -- and extravagant tapestries.
Source: Washington Post       Date: 26 May 2002

Blazing canon
English poetry begins whenever we decide to say the modern English language begins, and it extends as far as we decide to say that the English language extends. Some people think that English poetry begins with the Anglo-Saxons. I don't, because I can't accept that there is any continuity between the traditions of Anglo-Saxon poetry and those established in English poetry by the time of, say, Shakespeare. And anyway, Anglo-Saxon is a different language, which has to be learned. Anglo-Saxon poetry may be extremely exciting and interesting, but it excites and interests me in much the same way as do the Norse sagas. It is somebody else's poetry.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 25 May 2002

Grave Reopened in Search of Remains of Stockholm's Founder
Scientists started opening a seven-centuries-old grave Wednesday in search of proof it holds the remains of one of medieval Sweden's most powerful rulers.
Source: Yahoo!       Date: 22 May 2002

Medieval Oslo gets a Closer Look
Archaeologists are getting a closer look at medieval life in Norway's capital as a project allows for an examination of several skeletons buried around the Maria Church.
Source: Aftenposten       Date: 22 May 2002

Shetland Set to Adopt Viking Road Signs
Officials in Shetland want to celebrate links with the Vikings by adding Norse translations to local road signs. Councillors hope the bilingual road signs will help attract tourists from Scandinavia.
Source: Ananova       Date: 14 May 2002

Berkeley Celebrates 50th Anniversary of 'Beowulf' Marathon
It's an event that may have "the cool of scratched LPs, plaid polyester pants or schnauzer-shaped salt and pepper shakers," frets organizer Pat Schwieterman. Still, the read-aloud "Beowulf" marathon is an epic gathering, especially this year as it celebrates its 50th anniversary, more or less (hey, things got a little fuzzy in the '60s), at the University of California, Berkeley.
Source: Sign On San Diego       Date: 9 May 2002

Public Have Say on Historic Loo
Details of a major project to restore a medieval toilet uncovered in a north Wales townhouse are due to be announced at a public meeting on Thursday.
Source: BBC News       Date: 9 May 2002

Society Celebrates St George
Coventry's legendary dragon slayer and his city birthplace are set to be thrust into the limelight with the launch of a new group.
Source: IC Coventry       Date: 9 May 2002

A Twisted Tale How Pretzels Got Their Name
Foods with distinctive shapes just seem to cry out for myth-making. Take the pretzel. Many people like to say a monk invented it (usually "around 610") as a reward for children who learned their prayers, the word "pretzel" coming from the Latin "pretiola," which means "a little reward." Others claim that monks designed it after the hands of a person in prayer, with the name coming from "preces," prayers.
Source: SF Gate       Date: 8 May 2002

Medieval Festival - Human Chess Caps Lesson
When checkmate was proclaimed and the white king stood victorious, the sidelines were littered with vanquished game pieces. However, in this case the chessmen were life-size and although they “died” at the hand of the one who took their spot on the chessboard, they looked pretty lively.
Source: Butler Eagle       Date: 8 May 2002

Art Fit for a King
Northview Elementary community creates medieval art for school.
Source: The Times Online       Date: 7 May 2002

Villagers Take on Feudal Landlord
Set in a deep valley among the splendour of the northern Pennines, the village of Blanchland has been labelled a memorial to "medieval piety and 18th century beneficence".
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 7 May 2002

Cheatham Students Take Shot at Catapult Construction
When the newspapers from his weekly classroom subscription burgeoned into unwieldy stacks, technology teacher Steve Hall did the logical thing. He had his students make catapults out of them.
Source: Tennessean.com       Date: 6 May 2002

Prince Opposes Dracula Park
Prince Charles has objected to plans to build a Dracula theme park in a medieval Transylvanian city.
Source: BBC News       Date: 6 May 2002

The Complete Guide to... British Castles
Where are all these castles, then? There are castles within an hour's drive of every major city, but since most were built for defence, the largest clusters are around the coast and the marches, with North and South Wales, Kent, Cornwall, the south coast and Shropshire holding particularly rich pickings. Scottish castles, built as clan strongholds or family seats, can be found in most regions, but particularly in Aberdeenshire and around the Firth of Forth.
Source: Independent.co.uk       Date: 4 May 2002

Mongolia Glorifies Genghis Khan
The people of Mongolia have been celebrating the 840th anniversary of the birth of Genghis Khan, the warrior-ruler whose armies established a vast empire in the 13th Century. The anniversary was marked by the laying of a cornerstone for a giant memorial complex in the capital Ulan Bator.
Source: BBC News       Date: 3 May 2002

Apocolyptic Vision Found in City
"It was just an ordinary day at work for digger-driver Jimmy McAll - until he unearthed a 14th century chunk of sandstone holding one of the finest examples of medieval art ever found in Britain."
Source: IC Coventry       Date: 1 May 2002

Experts Delighted at Ancient Find
"The Coventry dig has unearthed rare glimpses into the city’s fascinating past and delighted historians. City archaeolgist Margaret Rylatt has even postponed her retirement and Channel 4’s Time Team have made an unprecedented two programmes in the city."
Source: IC Coventry       Date: 1 May 2002

Replica of Bury Bible Brought to Suffolk
One of the most dazzling treasures from the medieval period has returned to its Suffolk home. A stunning copy of the Bury Bible – produced at the Abbey of St Edmund in 1135 and recognised as one of greatest and most beautiful books to have survived from the 12th Century – is now on show at St Edmundsbury Cathedral.
Source: East Anglian Daily Times       Date: 29 Apr 2002

The Werewolf and Us
A monster, or monstrum, Caroline Walker Bynum reminds us, earned its name because it points to something beyond itself. Bynum, who first gained international attention for her bold analyses of the gendered nature of medieval religious experience in Jesus as Mother (1982) and Holy Feast and Holy Fast (1987), has been regarded as something of a monster herself. She is denigrated by conservatives for having led the way toward a medieval history that foregrounds the disorderly and the grotesque, and by the feminist left for dismissing postmodern scholarship that interprets the medieval world in "presentist" terms. And she has become that rara avis, a serious medievalist with a popular following. This in itself seems monstrous, and so one must ask: at what is this monster pointing?
Source: The New Republic       Date: 29 Apr 2002

Folks Spend a Day with a Knight
Chess became a contact sport at Drew University on Saturday, just as it used to be centuries ago.
Source: DailyRecord.com       Date: 28 Apr 2002

O'Connor Makes Time For Timeline
Frances O'Connor gave SCI FI Wire a glimpse of things to come when she took a few minutes to discuss Timeline, the SF adventure movie she's currently shooting in Montreal with Paul Walker, Gerard Butler and director Richard Donner. "It's [based] on the Michael Crichton novel, and it's about a group of archaeologists on a dig, who discover evidence that one of their colleagues is trapped back in time," O'Connor said in an interview. "I won't say how they do it, but the group travels back in time to the medieval era. It's kind of about how we romanticize that period and [how] the reality of it is quite different."
Source: SciFi.com       Date: 24 Apr 2002

Putin Knows His Medieval History
Russia's 13 percent income tax had scarcely taken effect when some government officials began to call for a tax hike. They had flushed out the taxpayers with the low flat tax; now they wanted to cash in. And then President Vladimir Putin announced in his state-of-the-nation address that the 13 percent tax rate was here to stay. Put a lid on it.
Source: The Moscow Times.com       Date: 24 Apr 2002

Music to Accompany Reading of Medieval, Early-Modern Poems
The University of Arizona Medieval, Renaissance and Reformation Committee presents a reading of medieval and early-modern spring poems in their original languages by UA professors with musical accompaniment from Collegium Musicum.
Source: Tuscon Citizen       Date: 22 Apr 2002

‘Pilgrims’ Converge on PSC Forum
After a week of hotter-than-normal spring weather, the cool mist Friday morning was welcome for the traditional opening ceremony of Plymouth State College’s 23rd annual Medieval Forum.
Source: The Citizen Online       Date: 20 Apr 2002

Joust Great!
Goodrich Castle goes medieval during the Bank Holiday with thrilling Anglo-Norman combat. It is part of an action-packed day with a medieval feel on Sunday, May 5 and Bank Holiday Monday, May 6.
Source: The Citizen       Date: 20 Apr 2002

Attitude Adjustment: Beyond Delusions of Grandeur
The battle of the Lechfeld, which was fought on a rainy Friday in August of A.D. 955, does not figure in any of those books describing the most decisive or most significant battles in world history — books by historians like Edward Creasy or our own Vic Hanson. This is a shame, and a bit unfair, but understandable. Lechfeld was decisive, very decisive, but it was decisive only for one small and inconsequential nation: Hungary. Even if not of any great moment to the world at large, though, the battle of the Lechfeld deserves a chapter all to itself in the annals of Attitude Adjustment.
Source: National Review Online       Date: 19 Apr 2002

Lost Manor May Be Found
A lost medieval manor house whose location has puzzled historians for decades may have been discovered.
Source: This is Brighton & Hove       Date: 19 Apr 2002

Stone-Faced Sentinels With Their Eyes on You
New York may be known for its skyscrapers, but you don't have to look up that far to glimpse a less imposing, and in some ways more enticing, puckish feature of this city's architecture: its gargoyles. Whether carved from sandstone or terra cotta, these decorative monsters stand guard over buildings great and small, blending the medieval with the modern and sprinkling Gotham with a touch of the Gothic.
Source: Yahoo!       Date: 19 Apr 2002

Putting Forest Back on Map
Sherwood Forest is set to be restored to its medieval glory under a new £5.5m conservation scheme. Jonathan Smart reports on the partnership behind the project.
Source: Evening Post       Date: 17 Apr 2002

Medieval Black Death Was Probably Not Bubonic Plague
The Black Death of the 1300s was probably not the modern disease known as bubonic plague, according to a team of anthropologists studying on these 14th century epidemics.
Source: Science Daily       Date: 15 Apr 2002

Mount Grace Priory, North Yorkshire
Jill Armstrong finds plenty to explore at Mount Grace Priory - the last monastery established in Yorkshire before the Reformation.
Source: This is Leeds       Date: 15 Apr 2002

Workmen Uncover Medieval Graveyard
More than 30 skeletons placed in a medieval burial site more than 900 years ago have been uncovered by labourers digging a road in Orkney.
Source: The Times       Date: 13 Apr 2002

Black Death and Plague 'Not Linked'
The Black Death that affected Britain in the 14th century was probably not the modern disease known as bubonic plague, scientists claim. The symptoms of the 14th century disease are similar to bubonic plague, and historically they have been referred to as one and the same.
Source: BBC News       Date: 12 Apr 2002

Historic Find Unearthed at Town Hall
Archaeologist and council bosses are going potty over little pieces of history uncovered during refurbishment work at Rutherglen Town Hall.
Source: Inside Scotland       Date: 11 Apr 2002

Colchester: Workers Discover Skulls at Castle
Human skulls and other remains have been discovered around Colchester Castle.
Source: This is Colchester       Date: 10 Apr 2002

Camelot for Valley City Name? Surely, You Joust
Camelot? Forget about it. And Rancho San Fernando, Mission Valley and Valley City? Some local residents say scratch them off the list of possible names for the proposed new Valley city, too.
Source: LA Times       Date: 4 Apr 2002

Export Block is put on Medieval Medical Book
A remarkable medieval medical handbook with a versatility and entertainment value to put most 21st-century volumes to shame was temporarily saved for the nation yesterday when the arts minister Baroness Blackstone placed a bar on its export.
Source: Independent.co.uk       Date: 3 Apr 2002

Rare Stained Glass Panels Exhibited in Russia
Medieval stained-glass panels, including the only one known to depict the antichrist, went on public display in St. Petersburg for the first time Tuesday.
Source: Voice of America       Date: 2 Apr 2002

Medieval Fertility Ritual Leaves Czech Women's Rights in the Dark Ages
For some women in the Czech Republic, Easter is a time to dread. Because today, all over the country, men will be beating women in public, without fear of arrest or prosecution. They are upholding one of Europe's more bizarre – and controversial – traditions: the Easter beating of women.
Source: Independent.co.uk       Date: 1 Apr 2002

The First Holy War
It was the fall of 1187, and an emissary from the besieged city of Jerusalem had come to beg Saladin, the sultan of Egypt, for mercy. After barely four days of assaults, the Christian defenders saw that Saladin had them hopelessly outmatched. Waiting in his tent outside the city's walls, the Muslim ruler knew both sides had a lot riding on the outcome of this battle.
Source: US News and World Report       Date: 1 Apr 2002

Up to the Hilt with the Master
The directions were simple enough. Go to the sign of the cross and the sword in Brunswick Street Lane. No number, just a cryptic clue which, when taken, led to a black metal gatefold door beneath a medieval sign swaying in the wind.
Source: Edinburgh News       Date: 1 Apr 2002

Town's Religious Play Hailed a Success
Organisers have claimed a major success after putting on an ambitious open-air Passion play that was followed by hundreds of people through town streets.
Source: East Anglian Daily Times       Date: 31 Mar 2002

Church Painting Revealed After 450 Years
One of Britain's finest medieval wall paintings has been revealed in its entirety for the first time in 450 years.
Source: Ananova       Date: 30 Mar 2002

French Knight's Face on the Shroud of Turin
Thanks to the reputation of the man it is said to have covered, there is always likely to be controversy over the origins of the Turin Shroud. The "negative" image of the bearded face will forever be associated with the popular image of Jesus Christ. Radio-carbon dating identified the cloth as medieval more than a decade ago, but, desperate not to lose the Shroud’s religious significance as one of the world’s most potent relics, many people continue to challenge this scientific evidence.
Source: The Scotsman       Date: 29 Mar 2002

Church Discovers Rare Paintings
Church officials are awaiting an expert report before deciding the next move in the preservation of early medieval wall paintings discovered in a village church.
Source: East Anglian Daily Times       Date: 25 Mar 2002

History Saved from Bulldozer
Plans to transform a derelict medieval terrace in Coventry have been given a massive boost with a £900,000 lottery windfall.
Source: IC Coventry       Date: 25 Mar 2002

New Lease of Life for Whitby's Ancient Abbey
Whitby Abbey, whose brooding ruins overlook the fictional landfall of Count Dracula, is a uniquely potent historic icon whose cultural pulling power has never been fully exploited. The starkly beautiful North Yorkshire site, riddled with signs of Anglo-Saxon and Christian occupation, draws fewer visitors than, for example, the charming but hardly remarkable Framlingham Castle in Suffolk.
Source: Independent.co.uk       Date: 25 Mar 2002

Benicia Students Get into the Medieval Spirit
About 350 Benicia Middle School seventh-graders became knights, squires, nobles and other regal characters Friday at the school's medieval banquet.
Source: Times-Herald       Date: 23 Mar 2002

Students Celebrate the Middle Ages
There were no airplanes, televisions, cell phones or even electric lights. The phase "the market" referred not to how your stocks were doing, but how you would get a chicken to cook for dinner that night.
Source: Gadsden Times       Date: 23 Mar 2002

Unesco Seeks a Taste of the Dracula 'Terror Park' Row
A row about plans for a Dracula "terror park" in rural Transylvania is bringing a fact-finding team of Unesco heritage experts to the site, a prized Romanian medieval town, this weekend.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 23 Mar 2002

Priceless Bible Goes Digital
The Gutenberg Bible is going online to allow scholars to take a closer look at one of the world's most priceless treasures.
Source: BBC News       Date: 22 Mar 2002

Study of Tree Rings Reveals Climate History
An unusually warm period a millennium ago may have been part of a natural planetary cycle, U.S. and Swiss researchers say in a study of tree rings that scrutinizes the link between human activity and climate change.
Source: CNN       Date: 22 Mar 2002

'Knight Life' Jousts With Medieval History
Getting killed in battle and having your spouse chosen for you notwithstanding, life in the 12th century had its perks, as we quickly discover when a tuneful trio of shapely "wenches who visit the trenches" regale an armored army with a bluesy opening lyric--fronted by a well-endowed singer who campily identifies herself as "Maiden Form."
Source: LA Times       Date: 18 Mar 2002

A Fling with Learning: Catapult Project Mixes History with Physics, Math
Years from now when Drew Bennett looks back, when he may have a mortgage and his hair is no longer dyed royal blue, the Arlington High School senior will recall his military history class.He may not remember every date and every battle, but he will undoubtedly recollect the day he and classmates Craig Bailey and Josh Baxter propelled a 10-pound ball 67 yards across an athletic field.
Source: HeraldNet       Date: 18 Mar 2002

Giotto's True Colors Shine in Restored Frescoes
Giotto's true colors shone through Monday when a series of frescoes, regarded as the medieval master's greatest work, were unveiled following eight months of painstaking restoration.
Source: Lycos       Date: 18 Mar 2002

Strict Security for Medieval Book
A medieval prayer book worth several million pound is set to return to Scotland for the first time in 500 years.
Source: BBC News       Date: 18 Mar 2002

A Dark View of St. Patrick
Largely ignored in the lamentable social twaddle that surrounds St. Patrick's Day — sappy Irish songs, public drunkenness, worship of a common lawn growth called the shamrock — is the saint himself.
Source: Naples Daily News       Date: 16 Mar 2002

Picture Gallery: Sutton Hoo
Anglo-Saxon treasures discovered during excavations in Sutton Hoo, Suffolk, have gone on display in a new exhibition centre on the site. [Editor's note: this news item consists many of pictures of Sutton Hoo.]
Source: BBC News       Date: 13 Mar 2002

Sutton Hoo Treasures on Show
An exhibition centre depicting the history of one of Britain's most important archaeological sites has been unveiled. The National Trust's £5m project at Sutton Hoo in Suffolk, displays priceless Anglo-Saxon treasures which were buried under a field for 1,300 years.
Source: BBC News       Date: 13 Mar 2002

Medieval Art on Display in Halifax
A rare collection of European medieval art is now on display in Halifax at the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia.
Source: Arts Canada       Date: 12 Mar 2002

Cutting Edge of Historical Fun
Swords have been clashing in north Wales with a re-enactment of a medieval battle.
Source: BBC News       Date: 9 Mar 2002

Castle in Spain Going for a Song
A medieval castle is for sale in northern Spain, for the knock-down price of one euro.
Source: BBC News       Date: 8 Mar 2002

Game of Kings Crowns Students
Young Donny Banergee didn’t know that chess was first played in India around 531 A.D. and had no idea that royalty used to play on life-sized boards as servants performed as game pieces at their command.
Source: Macon County Journal       Date: 8 Mar 2002

Medieval Bible Fragment Found
A fragment of a bible dating back more than 800 years has been discovered by experts at a county records office.
Source: BBC News       Date: 4 Mar 2002

Medieval Book Found in US Farmhouse
An American book dealer has uncovered a rare 500-year-old book from a farmhouse in Maine, New England.
Source: BBC News       Date: 4 Mar 2002

Digital Domesday Book Lasts 15 Years not 1000
It was meant to be a showcase for Britain's electronic prowess - a computer-based, multimedia version of the Domesday Book. But 16 years after it was created, the £2.5 million BBC Domesday Project has achieved an unexpected and unwelcome status: it is now unreadable.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 3 Mar 2002

Six Hundred Years of History
This summer tourists will be able to visit a part of Westminster Abbey that has been closed for centuries.
Source: BBC News       Date: 28 Feb 2002

Chaucer Edition Goes Online
A rare first edition of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, believed to be the first book ever printed in England, is to be published on the internet.
Source: BBC News       Date: 26 Feb 2002

Plague killed millions of people in Europe in the Middle Ages, when it was also known as the Black Death. The disease is now curable provided it is caught in its early stages.
Source: BBC News       Date: 21 Feb 2002

Obituary: Prof. John Stevens
John Stevens, who has died aged 80, was not only emeritus professor of medieval and renaissance literature at Cambridge University, but also a distinguished musicologist and an active musician for almost 60 years. Through his pioneering work on late medieval manuscripts, he enlarged the repertory of late medieval song and contributed hugely to its understanding and performance.
Source: Guardian Unlimited       Date: 20 Feb 2002

Ale and Hearty Treat for Cathedral Visitors
Chester Cathedral is to return to a 1,000-year-old tradition by unveiling its own brand of beer. The brew, Chester Pilgrim Ale, will be revealed to a thirsty public on Tuesday evening.
Source: BBC News       Date: 19 Feb 2002

Laird demolishes historic castle
An estate owner in Perthshire could face prosecution after demolishing an historic castle in his grounds. Lanrick Castle at Doune is a listed building which has been on the at-risk register since the mid 1990s. However, the 200-year-old building was knocked down on Saturday.
Source: BBC News       Date: 19 Feb 2002

Cathedrals Draw Up Plans to Charge Tourists
Tourism and conservation specialists are to discuss whether visitor numbers to the nation's cathedrals and great churches should be restricted to stop wear and tear.
Source: Independent.co.uk       Date: 18 Feb 2002

Tapestry of Words
A young woman's true story from the 14th century inspires a young woman in the 21st. The result is a first novel with a heady plot steeped in medieval realities of the Inquisition.
Source: LA Times       Date: 18 Feb 2002

Medieval Church Restoration Excitement
A medieval church from west Wales which is being faithfully reconstructed at the Museum of Welsh Life at St Fagan's has been handed back to members of its congregation.
Source: BBC News       Date: 9 Feb 2002

Family Seat of a Medieval Assassin
The house of one of Thomas à Becket's murderers is for sale.
(registration may be required to see this article, though I hope not.)

Source: Electric Telegraph       Date: 7 Feb 2002

Medieval Buildings Rotting Away
Some of Norway's oldest and most treasured buildings are literally rotting away at the outdoor museum where they stand. Despairing museum officials thought they had maintained them well.
Source: Aftenposten       Date: 7 Feb 2002

Straight from the Middle Ages
After studying the period, students at Pasco Middle School put on a Medieval Fair, including jousting, fortunetelling and food.
Source: St. Petersburg Times       Date: 6 Feb 2002

Protection Money for Historic Abbey
Conservationists have unveiled a £10m plan to help preserve one of North Yorkshire's most beautiful landmarks [Fountains Abbey].
Source: BBC News       Date: 5 Feb 2002

'Priceless' Windows Smashed
Vandals have smashed medieval stained-glass windows at a 13th Century chapel in Somerset.
Source: BBC News       Date: 31 Jan 2002

Castle Ruins for Sale for £1.25m
One of the biggest jobs possible for people who like to do up their own home has gone on sale in west Wales for £1.25m. The ruins of Cardigan Castle are being sold off by their elderly owner.
Source: BBC News       Date: 30 Jan 2002

AIDS Toll Set to Surpass Black Death
AIDS will surpass the Black Death as the world's worst pandemic if the 40 million people living with HIV or AIDS do not get life-prolonging drugs, a public health physician said on Friday.
Source: CNN       Date: 24 Jan 2002

Course Examines Cultures, Disease
Dr. Katherine Royer, a professor at California State University, Stanislaus, is teaching a new course on diseases throughout history.
Source: Modesto Bee       Date: 24 Jan 2002

Prof. Sir Dimitri Obolensky Dies
"Professor Sir Dimitri Obolensky, who has died aged 83, was for nearly 25 years Professor of Russian and Balkan History at Oxford University, where his gifts as a lecturer were as evident as his outstanding scholarship."
Source: Electric Telegraph       Date: 7 Jan 2002

Skeletons Found in Italy May Prove Dante Wrong
Science may rewrite history if bones found under an Italian church prove to be those of ''Cannibal Count Ugolino,'' one of the darkest historical figures to make an appearance in Dante's ``Inferno.''
Source: Yahoo!       Date: 7 Jan 2002

Restoration of Vatican Frescoes a Delicate Job
"Fabio Piacentini and Marocchini Bruno have a passion for their work.
Piacentini and Bruno are two of the four restorers responsible for the completion of the 31 frescoes for 'Traditions and Renewal: Medieval Frescoes from the Vatican Museums,' an exhibit which will be at the Museum of Texas Tech from June 2 to Sept. 15."

Source: Lubbock Online       Date: 6 Jan 2002

Tate Britain's Medieval Mockery
From the gargoyles on early Manhattan skyscrapers to the Arthurian art of Joseph Beuys to Gauguin's revival of cloissonism (a flat, colourful style of medieval design), the middle ages have exerted an irresistible pull on the modern imagination.
Source: The Guardian       Date: 4 Jan 2002

Castle Ruins Up for Sale
An ambitious property buyer is sought with plenty of money to take on a historic castle in west Wales. The ruins of Cardigan Castle are being sold off by owner Barbara Wood, 84.
Source: BBC News       Date: 3 Jan 2002


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